Schools for Apprenticeship in Industry

Schools for Apprenticeship in Industry

 

the basic Soviet vocational-technical schools from 1920 to 1940.

The schools for apprenticeship in industry were opened at large enterprises to train as skilled workers young people who were 14–18 years old and had a primary education. The schools had a three- or four-year course of study and offered both vocational training and a general education. From 1930 to 1939 the schools offered instruction primarily to young people who had completed the seven-year primary school; the course of study was reduced to 1.5–2 years by decreasing the number of hours devoted to general-education subjects. The schools turned out 2.5 million skilled workers for the country.

After 1940 the schools for apprenticeship in industry were found chiefly in light industry and in the food-processing industry. Between 1959 and 1963 the schools, together with all vocational-technical educational institutions in the USSR’s State Labor Reserves system, were reorganized as vocational-technical schools, with courses of study of varying lengths (seeVOCATIONAL-TECHNICAL EDUCATION).

REFERENCES

Krupskaia, N. K. Pedagogicheskie sochineniia v desiati tomakh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1959. Pages 137–43. Vol. 4: Moscow, 1959. Pages 391–93.
Korolev, F. F. Ocherki po istorii sovetskoi shkoly i pedagogiki, 1917–1920. Moscow, 1958. Pages 396–401.
Narodnoe obrazovanie v SSSR, 1917–1967. Edited by M. A. Prokof’ev [et al.]. Moscow, 1967. Pages 243–252.
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