Schwarzkopf, H. Norman

Schwarzkopf, H. Norman

(Herbert Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr.), 1934–2012, U.S. army general, b. Trenton, N.J. He graduated from West Point (1956) and served two tours of duty in the Vietnam War, the first (1965–66) as an adviser and the second (1969–70) in command of an infantry battalion. He was twice wounded in the war and decorated with three Silver Stars, three Bronze Stars, and the Distinguished Service Medal. In 1983, he was deputy commander of the U.S. invasion of GrenadaGrenada
, independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations (2005 est. pop. 89,500), 133 sq mi (344 sq km), in the Windward Islands, West Indies. The state includes the island of Grenada (120 sq mi/311 sq km) and the southern half of the archipelago known as the Grenadines, a
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. As commander in chief (1988–92) of the U.S. Central Command (responsible for the Middle East and Africa), Schwartzkopf led U.S. and Western forces in the successful allied invasion of Iraq in the First Persian Gulf WarPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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 (1991). He retired from the U.S. Army in 1992 as a four-star general.

Bibliography

See his autobiography (1992, with P. Petre); N. Friedman, Desert Victory (1991); M. R. Gordon, The Generals' War (1995).