Scincidae


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Scincidae

[′skiŋ·kə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The skinks, a family of the reptilian suborder Sauria which have reduced limbs and snakelike bodies.

Scincidae

 

a family of lizards. The body measures up to 65 cm in length. The tail is brittle, and the torso has bony plates, called osteoderms, under the scales. The family comprises approximately 700 species, belonging to 60 genera. The Scincidae are distributed mainly in the tropical zone of the eastern hemisphere; the Australian zoographic subregion is especially rich in species. There are ten species in the USSR, belonging to four genera: Mabuya (one species, the mabuya), Eumeces (three species), Ablepharus (six species; according to some data, five species), and Ophiomorus (one species, the sand skink).

Most Scincidae are terrestrial; some live in trees or partly in water. Burrowing Scincidae usually have more elongated bodies, with limbs that are either partially or totally lost and eyes that are reduced. The Scincidae feed on invertebrates, mainly insects; some also eat plants, and large species feed on vertebrates. Most Scincidae lay eggs, but several species are ovoviviparous or viviparous.

REFERENCES

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 2. Moscow, 1969.
Bannikov, A. G., I. S. Darevskii, and A. K. Rustamov. Zemnovodnye i presmykaiushchiesia SSSR. Moscow, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
The supraciliary borders of these Scincomorpha are wider and more developed than supraciliaries of Scincidae.
Scincoidea is still more respectful of the mentioned Autarchoglossa model of supraocular scutellation, either in its cosmopolitan family Scincidae or in its related African family Cordylidae, now divided by the creation of the related taxon Gerrhosauridae.
If the equatorial currents are an effective barrier to gene flow in geckos, then this should be reflected in the other widespread family of lizards in the Pacific, the Scincidae, but not necessarily in air dispersers such as birds and bats.
Morphological and genetic evolution appear decoupled in Pacific skinks (Squamata, Scincidae, Emoia).
We detected 2 species of tree frogs (Hylidae), 1 species of toad (Bufonidae), 1 species of snake (Colubridae), and 12 species of lizards (Phrynosomatidae, Scincidae, and Teiidae; Table 1).
durissus Raillietiella furcocerca Stomach Squamata--lizards Scincidae Trachylepis Raillietiella freitasi Lung atlantica Host Locality CHIBB * Crocodylia Caiman yacare Corumba, MS 2394 C.
Viviparity occurs in about 20% of all species (Blackburn 1982), and about 71% of the viviparous species belong to either the lizard families Iguanidae or Scincidae, or the snake families Colubridae or Viperidae.
Clase Orden Suborden Familias Amphibia Anura Bufonidae Hylidae Leptodactylidae Reptilia Squamata Sauria Corythophanidae Gekkonidae Iguanidae Phrynosomatidae Polychridae Scincidae Teiidae Xantusiidae Serpentes Boidae Colubridae Elapidae Leptotyphlopidae Loxocemidae Viperidae Testudines Emydidae Total 18 Clase Generos Especies Amphibia 2 2 1 1 1 1 Reptilia 1 1 3 3 2 3 3 6 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 Total 33 40 Cuadro 2.
dugesii have asynchronous testicular and ovarian cycles, suggestion that mating may occur prior to ovulation, as in other viviparous lizards of the families Scincidae (Guillette, 1993; Ramirez-Bautista et al.
2008a; 2008b) were greater than that recorded for some lizard species in Restinga habitats (coastal sandy dune habitats) (Table 1) for the Scincidae host Mabuya agilis Raddi, 1823 (3.
variabilis Wiegmann 1834 N X X X Scincidae Plesiodon copei (Taylor 1933) Pr E P.