Scottish Enlightenment


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Scottish Enlightenment

a general flowering of intellectual activity in Scotland at the end of the 18th century, including the work of some thinkers who are usually regarded as important precursors of modern sociological thought. Among the thinkers seen as falling into this category are Adam SMITH, Adam FERGUSON and John MILLAR. Among the wider group of intellectuals and scientists active in Scotland at this time was the philosopher David HUME. An important contribution to the Scottish Enlightenment was made by the Universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh, which unlike their English equivalents Oxford and Cambridge, were centres of innovation. Strong links also existed with the ENLIGHTENMENT in France. Orientations shared by most Scottish Enlightenment thinkers were:
  1. the importance attached to the necessity for empirical study of social institutions;
  2. a rejection of merely individualistic accounts of the nature and origins of social order;
  3. an assumption that society must be analysed as a natural and a moral order;
  4. an assumption that an underlying pattern of causation would eventually be uncovered (general principles or laws) explaining social reality As was also true of the French Enlightenment, Scottish Enlightenment thinkers were optimistic that human societies would PROGRESS.
References in periodicals archive ?
This collection of thirteen essays brings into sharp focus the critical turn--gathering momentum over the last couple of decades--against the longstanding consensus that set the philosophical achievements of the Scottish Enlightenment in opposition to the development of Scottish poetry and fiction.
The Moral Culture of the Scottish Enlightenment, 1690-1805.
The first section, "Text and Context," focuses on Smith's life, writings, and place in the Scottish Enlightenment.
It considers how the writers discussed are actively responding not only to their post-Waterloo moment, but also to the tradition of Scottish Enlightenment historical writing.
He was, she argues, a proto-Romantic, a progenitor of the Scottish Enlightenment, and a prophet of devolved government for the separate nations of the British Isles.
Charles Areskine's Library: Lawyers and Their Books at the Dawn of the Scottish Enlightenment
It uses the Scottish Enlightenment as a lens through which to examine the national myths of Scotland and America that contrast and overlap.
He pays special attention to the influence of the 18th-century Scottish Enlightenment on men like John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison.
The app, as of this writing, seems to span all the way back to the Stuart period, and it details notable events including The Union of the Crowns, the Scottish Enlightenment, Industrial Revolution up to date.
Along with his highly celebrated colleagues and friends Adam Smith and David Hume, Adam Ferguson was one of the leading thinkers of the Scottish Enlightenment.
in 1748 the scottish enlightenment philosopher David hume published A Treatise Concerning human understanding.
Education for Life: Correspondence and Writings on Religion and Practical Philosophy gathers writings from George Turnbull (1698-1748), a philosopher who, like other luminaries of the Scottish Enlightenment, resisted the unyielding constraints of their native Calvinism and sought to reconcile religion with reason and science.

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