Scottish Gaelic

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Scottish Gaelic


the language of the Scots who inhabit the northern (mountainous) part of Scotland and the islands of the Hebrides. It belongs, along with Irish and Manx, to the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. Scottish Gaelic is a descendant of the language of the Irish who began to migrate to Scotland in the fifth century A.D. It began to separate from Irish only in the 13th century. Records from the 11th to the 15th century do not differ linguistically from those of the Irish. One of the oldest records in Scottish Gaelic proper is the Book of the Dean of Lismore, which dates from the early 16th century. Modern Scottish Gaelic is split into two dialect areas—the eastern and the western. The written literary language, which took shape during the 18th and early 19th centuries, is extremely conservative; consequently, literary works in Scottish Gaelic are written in the dialects with a more or less standardized orthography. Scottish Gaelic differs from Irish Gaelic in phonetics, its simplification of the noun and verb systems, and the presence of Scandinavian lexical items. According to the 1961 census, Scottish Gaelic was spoken by approximately 80.000 people: however, only approximately 1,000 were monolingual Scottish Gaelic speakers.


Stewart, A. Elements of Gaelic Grammar. 5th ed. Edinburgh. 1901.
Dwelly, E. The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary, 5th ed. Glasgow, 1949.


References in periodicals archive ?
Rannsachadh na Gaidhlig 5: Fifth Scottish Gaelic Research Conference is also a collection of conference papers.
What emerges from these pages is a variegated yet cohesive self-understanding of a discipline that is still in the process of formation, as well as a tremendously rich and engaging overview of the contact zones between Irish and Scottish poetry in English, Irish, Scots, and Scottish Gaelic.
HARRY Potter is to be published in Scottish gaelic.
Scottish Gaelic psalm singing and American spiritual and gospel music may seem poles apart.
For instance, the Gaelic League's annual cultural festival the Oireachtas may have been "very loosely based on ancient cultural festivals" (28), but its direct mad immediate inspiration was the Welsh National Eisteddfod (and to a much lesser extent the Scottish Gaelic Mod).
Their recommendations will form part of a new programme under the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum (NIA) Act which says naturalisation applicants must demonstrate 'sufficient English', Welsh or Scottish Gaelic, and display a 'knowledge of life in the UK'.
A NEW survey is underway to find out the number of Scottish Gaelic speakers - in Australia.
Anne Frazier's excellent historical essay on "The Gaelic Tradition up to 1750" is complemented by Meg Bateman's "Women's Writing in Scottish Gaelic Since 1750," wherein Bateman sagely observes, "For writers of a minority language, culture is of greater significance than gender.
based company, which takes its name "ooska" from the Scottish Gaelic "uisge," meaning water, was founded in 2006 by CEO and publisher David Duncan, the former CEO of Newsbase, an international business intelligence newsletter company covering the oil and gas sector.
SEALBH math dhuibh to all the entrants in the Scottish Gaelic Awards.
I don't speak Scottish Gaelic, or have much of an accent.

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