Scrophularia


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Scrophularia: Scrophularia nodosa, Common Figwort
Enlarge picture
figwort

figwort

Has powerful painkilling ability equal to cortisone. Helps inflammation and pain from arthritis, rheumatism. Alternating leaves with ragged edges. Flowers look like little open mouths. Dry and use upper part of plant topically for skin afflictions like eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis, and as tea for restlessness, anxiety, irregular menses. The roots can be dried out and are a substitute for ginseng. Sweet tasting root. In China, it’s called xuan shen and is used for a multitude of afflictions. In homeopathy, it’s used for enlarged/ swollen glands, breast tumors, ear problems, hemorrhoids. Square stem.

Scrophularia

 

a genus of plants of the family Scro-phulariaceae. They are perennial and, less frequently, biennial or annual herbs; some are small subshrubs. The unattractive flowers are usually greenish, yellow, or lavender; they form long panicled or racemose inflorescences. The corolla, which is usually bilabiate, is globular or urceolate. The fruit is a bilocular, many-seeded capsule.

There are approximately 150 species (according to other data, up to 300), distributed primarily in the temperate and subtropical regions of Eurasia. Several species are found in Africa and in North and Central America. There are more than 70 species in the USSR, primarily in the Caucasus and Middle Asia. The figwort (S. nodosa) grows in moist and shady forests, among shrubs, in ravines, and along shorelines. It sometimes grows as a weed in cultivated fields.

The figwort and other species of Scrophularia contain saponins and alkaloids. The figwort is poisonous to cattle and sheep. Many species are good nectar-bearers. A variety of figwort having variegated leaves, as well as a number of other species of Scrophularia, are raised as ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Gorshkova, S. G. “Norichnik— Scrophularia L.” In Flora SSSR, vol 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.

T. V. EGOROVA

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Present research is the first study on microsporogenesis and pollen morphology of Iranian indigenous specie of Scrophularia.
This study is the first comprehensively report about pollen grains ontogeny in relation with pollen development in the genus Scrophularia in Iran.
Because of a lake of sufficient data about microsporogenesis from Scrophularia, we have not compared the microsporogenesis characters of S.
Studies on the Pollen Morphology of the Genus Kickxia, Scrophularia and Veronica (Scrophulariaceae) from Dir Valley, Pakistan.
Scrophularia balbisii Olivencia & Alcaraz, 1993
Scrophularia tanacetifolia Olivencia & Alcaraz, 1993
Scrophularia laxiflora Olivencia & Alcaraz, 1993
Scrophularia sambucifolia Olivencia & Alcaraz, 1993
2005) also suggests that Scrophularia species are useful sources for the discovery of new antiprotozoal agents.
Crypthophilic acids A, B, and C: Resin glycosides from aerial parts of Scrophularia cryptophila.
Biological activities of buddlejasaponin isolated from Buddleja madagascariensis and Scrophularia scorodonia.
Scropolioside-D(2) and harpagoside-B: two new iridoid glycosides from Scrophularia deserti and their antidiabetic and antiinflammatory activity.