Scrophulariaceae


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Related to Scrophulariaceae: Plantaginaceae, Solanaceae

Scrophulariaceae

[‚skräf·yə‚lar·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A large family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Scrophulariales, characterized by a usually herbaceous habit, irregular flowers, axile placentation, and dry, dehiscent fruit.

Scrophulariaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants. The plants are primarily herbs or subshrubs (sometimes saprophytic, hemiparasitic, or parasitic); less frequently are they shrubs and lianas. The leaves are generally alternate but may be opposite or whorled. The bisexual flowers are solitary or in clusters. The calyx is usually four- or five-lobed or four- or five-parted; the corolla is generally irregular, often bilabiate, and four- or five-lobed (rarely six- to eight-lobed). The ovary is superior, and the fruit is usually a capsule.

There are more than 200 genera, embracing about 3,000 species. They are distributed primarily in the temperate belt of both hemispheres. More than 600 species, belonging to 45 genera, are found in the USSR. These genera include Veronica, Pedicularis, Scrophularia, Euphrasia, Linaria, Verbascum, Rhinanthus, and Melampyrum.

Many species grow as weeds in meadows and fields and are sometimes toxic. Digitalis, Verbascum, and some other species are very important medicinal plants. Antirrhinum, various species of Calceolaria, Castilleja, Nemesia, Mimulus, and Veronica are raised as ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Flora SSSR, vol. 22. Moscow-Leningrad, 1955.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema ifilogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Scrophulariaceae Penstemon Foxglove Robertson 1929 digitalis beardtongue Nutt.
Picrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth, a perennial herb from the natural order Scrophulariaceae, has been used in the traditional Indian systems of medicine since ancient times to treat hepatic diseases and bronchial problems.
Important families: Scrophulariaceae, Oleaceae, Gesneriaceae, Lentibulariaceae.
Striga hermonthica is a member of the Scrophulariaceae family, a widespread group of about 4,000 plant species that includes a couple of "heirloom" garden favorites, foxglove and snapdragon.
Number: RV554 Scrophulariaceae Brookea tomentosa Benth.
The word "wort" at the end of the common name means that, in the past, it was used as a medicinal herb and, being a member of the Scrophulariaceae, which includes foxgloves, was used to treat skin complaints, like scrofula or the king's evil.
HPS Aphis spiraecola Patch AWC Aphis viburniphila Patch HPS Aulacorthum solani HPS (Kaltenbach) Brachycaudus (Scrophulaphis) Scrophulariaceae AWT persicae group Brevieoryne brassicae (L.
Rehmannia glutinosa, a widely used traditional Chinese herb, belongs in the family of Scrophulariaceae, and it is highly esteemed in China as a high medicinal valued herb of nourishing Yin and invigorating the kidney functions in traditional Chinese medicine (Zhang et al.
Poaceae (43), Cyperaceae (35), Rosaceae (18), Brassicaceae (15), Lamiaceae (14), Fabaceae (12), Scrophulariaceae (11), Polygonaceae (10), and Liliaceae (10).
X SCROPHULARIACEAE (Figwort Family) Agalinis aspera (Douglas ex Benth.
This unique species represents a link between the Rubiaceae (to which it has been assigned) and the Scrophulariaceae, incorporating characteristics from both families.