Scutellaria


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Related to Scutellaria: Scutellaria lateriflora, Scutellaria baicalensis

Scutellaria

 

(skullcap), a genus of plants of the family Labia-tae. The plants are perennial herbs or subshrubs; annual herbs occur infrequently. The leaves vary from entire to pinnatisect. The flowers are arranged in twos in the axils of the upper leaves; they are frequently clustered together in a dense racemose inflorescence. The calyx is two-lipped, with a shield-like formation on the upper lip. The corolla has a helmet-shaped upper lip. There are four stamens; the fruit consists of four nutlets.

There are about 300 species, distributed in temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions. The USSR has about 120 species (with subspecies), growing mainly in the mountains of the Caucasus and Middle Asia. The most common species is S. galericulata, which grows in the European USSR, Siberia, and Middle Asia on floodplain meadows, in swamps, along the shores of reservoirs and canals, and in flooded forests. The plant is used in folk medicine to arrest bleeding. S. baicalensis, which is found in Transbaikalia and the Far East on rocky slopes, in sandy steppes, and along river banks, is a medicinal plant. A tincture of its rootstock and roots is used as a mild hypotensive agent and sedative. Several species, including S. alpina, S. baikalensis, and S. orientalis, are cultivated as ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Iuzepchuk, S. V. “Shlemnik— Scutellaria L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 20. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.

T. V. EGOROVA

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Scutellaria flavonoid reduced memory dysfunction and neuronal injury caused by permanent global ischemia in rats.
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Scutellaria lateriflora (SL) has traditionally been used for anxiety and related disorders in North America, and in vitro studies have shown it to contain phytochemicals with BZD and serotonin-7 (5-HT7) receptor binding affinity.
Impacts of large mammal herbivory on Scutellaria montana Chapm, at the Tennessee Army National Guard Volunteer Training Site, Catoosa County, Georgia.
An extract of Scutellaria baicalensis, in which baicalin and baicalein are the major active components has been known to have antimicrobial, antibacterial, antiviral, antiinflammatory and/or antioxidant activities (Kim et al.
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According to the manufacturer, the formulation contained Chinese herbs (Isatis indigotica, Glycyrrhiza uralensis, Panax pseudo-ginseng, Ganoderma lucidium, Scutellaria baicalensis, Dendranthema morifolium, and Rabdosia rubescens), as well as one domestic American herb (Serenoa repens).
Scutellarin from Scutellaria baicalensis suppresses adipogenesis by upregulating PPARa in 3T3-L1 cells.
Soft focus powders enhance skin's natural luminosity and diffuse light to reduce the appearance of imperfections, while a brightening blend of cucumber, apple and scutellaria extracts work to brighten the complexion and even skin tone, and provide long-term skin perfecting and correcting benefits.
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