Scutellaria

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Related to Scutellaria baicalensis: Scutellaria lateriflora, Acacia catechu

Scutellaria

 

(skullcap), a genus of plants of the family Labia-tae. The plants are perennial herbs or subshrubs; annual herbs occur infrequently. The leaves vary from entire to pinnatisect. The flowers are arranged in twos in the axils of the upper leaves; they are frequently clustered together in a dense racemose inflorescence. The calyx is two-lipped, with a shield-like formation on the upper lip. The corolla has a helmet-shaped upper lip. There are four stamens; the fruit consists of four nutlets.

There are about 300 species, distributed in temperate, subtropical, and tropical regions. The USSR has about 120 species (with subspecies), growing mainly in the mountains of the Caucasus and Middle Asia. The most common species is S. galericulata, which grows in the European USSR, Siberia, and Middle Asia on floodplain meadows, in swamps, along the shores of reservoirs and canals, and in flooded forests. The plant is used in folk medicine to arrest bleeding. S. baicalensis, which is found in Transbaikalia and the Far East on rocky slopes, in sandy steppes, and along river banks, is a medicinal plant. A tincture of its rootstock and roots is used as a mild hypotensive agent and sedative. Several species, including S. alpina, S. baikalensis, and S. orientalis, are cultivated as ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Iuzepchuk, S. V. “Shlemnik— Scutellaria L.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 20. Moscow-Leningrad, 1954.

T. V. EGOROVA

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Prevention of oxidative injury by flavonoids from stems and leaves of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi in PC12 cells.
These plant extracts from Scutellaria baicalensis and Acacia catechu were further characterized by HTP fractionation.
Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of polyhydroxyflavoids of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.
Scutellaria baicalensis removes toxins, is antibacterial and antiviral, and supports the digestive system.
Scutellarin from Scutellaria baicalensis suppresses adipogenesis by upregulating PPARa in 3T3-L1 cells.
The following herbs were used in two studies: Scutellaria baicalensis root, Rheum palmatum root, Rehmannia glutinosa root, Salvia miltiorrhiza root and Carthamus tinctorius flower.
pylori in vivo through either antibacterial or anti-adhesive abilities include thyme (Thymus vulgaris), Plumbago zeylanica, Scutellaria baicalensis, the bark of a Brazilian tree Calophyllum brasiliense, Nigella sativa seeds, fenugreek sprouts (Trigonella foenum-graecum) and blackcurrent (Ribes nigrum) seeds (Lengsfeld 2004, Randhir 2004, Salem 2010, Souza 2009, Tabak 1996, Wang 2005, Wu 2008).
Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activities of polyhydroxyflavonoids of Scutellaria baicalensis GEORGI.
It is a concentrated > 90% pure standardized blend of baicalin, a flavonoid extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis, and a catechin from Acacia catechu.
Baicalein, an active component of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, improves cardiac contractile function in endotoxaemic rats via induction of heme oxygenase-1 and suppression of inflammatory responses.
Inula helenium 30 mL Scutellaria baicalensis 40 mL Hyssopus off.
Anti-inflammatory Properties and Inhibition of Leukotriene C4 Biosynthesis in vitro by Flavonoid Baicalein from Scutellaria baicalensis georgy Roots, Agents Actions, 39, C49 (1993); T.