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Saar,region: see SaarlandSaarland
, state (1994 pop. 1,080,000), 991 sq mi (2,567 sq km), SW Germany; formerly called the Saar or the Saar Territory. Saarbrücken is the capital; other cities include Völklingen, Saarlouis, and Sankt Ingbert.
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Saar(zär), Fr. Sarre, river, c.150 mi (240 km) long, rising in the Vosges Mts., NE France, and flowing N past Sarrebourg and Sarreguemines. It enters Saarland, W Germany, and continues NW past Saarbrücken into the Moselle River near Trier. The river flows through a heavily industrialized region; it carries much barge traffic.
(also Sarre), a river in France and the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Rhine River basin; a right tributary of the Moselle River. The Saar is 246 km long and drains an area of approximately 7,400 sq km. Originating in the Vosges, the Saar crosses the Saar Coal Basin and cuts deeply through the western spurs of the Hunsrück. It empties into the Moselle above the city of Trier. The Saar is navigable to the city of Dillingen; higher, it has locks and is joined by the Saar Coal Canal to the Marne-Rhine Canal. It is fed primarily by rain. The water level rises in winter and spring. The cities of Sarreguemines (France) and Saarbrücken, Völklingen, Saarlouis, and Merzig (Federal Republic of Germany) are located on the Saar.