(redirected from Self-generating)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.


[‚self ‚ȯr·gə·nə′zā·shən]
The capability of a system to spontaneously generate a well-defined supramolecular entity by self-assembling from components in a given set of conditions.



a process during which the organization of a complex dynamic system is created, reproduced, or improved. Self-organization processes can occur only in systems that have a high level of complexity and a large number of elements; the relations between the elements must be of a probabilistic rather than a rigid nature. The properties of self-organization are exhibited by such diverse systems as a living cell, an organism, a biological population, a biocenosis, and a human community. The processes of self-organization involve the reorganization of existing relations between elements of the system and the formation of new relations. It is characteristic of self-organization processes that such processes are goal-oriented but, at the same time, natural and spontaneous. These processes may occur when the system interacts with the environment, but they are to some degree autonomous and are relatively independent of the environment.

Three types of processes of self-organization are distinguished. The first type is the self-generation of organization, that is, the emergence of a new, integral system with its own specific regularities from some aggregation of integral objects of a given level. An example is the genesis of multicellular organisms from unicellular ones. The second type comprises processes by which a system maintains a certain level of organization when changes occur in the external and internal conditions under which the system functions. The chief object of study here is homeostatic mechanisms (see HOMEOSTASIS), in particular, mechanisms whose operation is based on the negative-feedback principle. The third type involves the improvement and self-development of systems that are able to accumulate and make use of experience.

The problems of self-organization were first subjected to special investigation in cybernetics. The term “self-organizing system” was introduced by the English cyberneticist W. R. Ashby in 1947. Extensive study of self-organization began in the late 1950’s for the purpose of discovering new principles permitting the construction of equipment with a high level of reliability and the designing of computers capable of modeling various aspects of human mental activity. The investigation of the problems of self-organization has become one of the chief ways in which the ideas and methods of cybernetics, information theory, and systems theory enter biological and social knowledge.


Braines, S. N., and A. V. Napalkov. “Nekotorye voprosy teorii samoor-ganizuiushchikhsia sistem.” Voprosyfilosofii, 1959, no. 6.
Samoorganizuiushchiesia sistemy. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from English.)
Printsipy samoorganizatsii. Moscow, 1966. (Translated from English.)
Kremianskii, V. I. Strukturnye urovni zhivoi materii. Moscow, 1969.
Prigozhin, A. I. Sotsiologicheskie aspekty upravleniia. Moscow, 1974.
Self-organizing Systems. Washington, 1962.
Form by, J. An Introduction to the Mathematical Formulation of Self-organizing Systems. London, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
In fiscal 1993/94 (beginning April 1993), Jakarta launched a 10-year plan to raise power generating capacity by 24,000 MW by end-March 2004 - excluding the self-generating systems of Caltex and other oil operators.
This kind of self-generating dynamo developed early in Earth's history, with help from some preexisting field in the solar system.
The day may come, however (whether the dictionaries acknowledge it or not), when Deus ex machina becomes a loaded phrase reflecting the way in which society's fascination with technology, combined with its increasingly damning opinion of itself, has obscured the Divine source of human genius--when the mind, functioning at peak performance, is regarded as nothing more than a self-generating well-oiled machine, not qualitatively different from a network of silicon circuits.
com was designed to provide consumers with extensive information and resources about Buying, Selling or Investing in the Las Vegas real estate market, with customized content in Text and Video formats, augmented with Blog and unique self-generating Reporting Tools.
Tenders are invited for Fire extinguisher training system, uses self-generating digital flames and a laser extinguisher to teach trainees how to properly extinguish incipient stage fires.
Besides three number of the self-generating projects of the capacity of 10.
An ultra stable crystal material in its self-generating seismic element.
We have even considered running the new (satellite) campus at Atwater without DWP involvement,'' by self-generating all the campus' power with solar and natural gas, Fairclough said.
Clancy: At Four Times Square Tower, where we also use photovoltaics and other self-generating energy systems, including two 200 kw unit fuel cells.
But in contrast to Jackson Pollock's drip paintings, to which they're often compared, Apfelbaum's scatters are not expressive gestures or indices of psychic energy--they're closer to self-generating organisms.
Model 22 is a self-generating device that requires no external power source for operation.
While the self-generating power system may not entirely replace the need for grid-supplied power, it can substantially reduce onsite electrical demand by up to 225 kW.