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the government of a country, nation, etc., by its own people



the management of the affairs of a territorial community, organization, or group independently by its members, through elective bodies or by direct means such as assemblies or referenda. The main features of self-government are the possession of public power by the people or electors of a particular territory or by the members of a public organization or group, their autonomy in deciding internal questions, and the absence of externally appointed governing bodies.

In local self-government, one of the types of state administration at the local level, the population of an administrative and territorial unit manages local affairs autonomously, either indirectly through elected bodies or directly, within the limits of laws established by the state. Introduced in Western Europe as a result of the bourgeois revolutions, the system of local self-government completed its development under premonopoly capitalism. Bourgeois local self-government was very narrowly applied. At the sociopolitical level, it was a sham, because formal recognition of the members of the community as the agents of government was combined with the de facto elimination of the exploited masses from participation in government. The growth of centralism and the increase in state intervention in local affairs, which accompanied the transition to the imperialist stage of capitalism, resulted in the loss of even the limited autonomy of bourgeois self-government and in its transformation into a component of the administrative apparatus of the state.

The broadening of the powers of the bodies of local self-government is among the general democratic demands of the working class in contemporary capitalist states. However, contrary to the claims of bourgeois and reformist ideologists, democratizing local administration and broadening the functions of locally elected bodies (municipalities) are not sufficient to produce change in the character of the bourgeois state or the capitalist system. V. I. Lenin exposed the opportunistic essence of the conceptions of municipal socialism and emphasized the class limitations of bourgeois local self-government and its narrowness and impotence when confronting centralized power (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 17, p. 163).

Complete, consistently democratic, local self-government develops with the victory of the socialist revolution. In the socialist states, local self-government has a qualitatively new basis. Local representative bodies of state authority are organized and function so that the working people participate in administering local affairs and in deciding issues relevant to the entire state. In socialist society the working people exercise political power through their own state and through various public mass organizations and other bodies of independent civic activity. The activity of these organizations and bodies in guaranteeing the interests of the working people, in meeting their material and cultural needs, and in carrying out governmental tasks assigned to them constitute a form of social self-government, which is one of the manifestations of popular rule and socialist democracy. Public mass organizations and bodies of independent civic activity are components of the political organization of socialist society.

Social self-government continues to have a political character under socialism, playing a tremendous role in involving the working people in regular and active participation in administering government and public affairs. As the socialist state develops and perfects its political system, a state of the whole people emerges—a transitional stage in the development toward the stateless form of organization under communist society, toward the full implementation of social self-government. The development of social self-government is one of the principal means for the gradual transition to communist social self-government.

G. V. BARABASHEV [22–16334]

References in periodicals archive ?
She also said self-governance is a political demand of the Kurdish people, calling on the Turkish government to respect that wish.
Self-governance empowers Indian tribes by reducing bureaucracy, promoting local decision-making and ultimately strengthening programs to better serve tribal communities, said Hoeven.
Swaka's reference to the use of self-governance, however, drew attention from government supporters, some of whom interpreted it to imply advocacy for self-determination and possible break away of Equatoria region from the rest of South Sudan.
The Institutionalization of Risk Sharing in the European Monetary Union," Journal of Self-Governance and Management Economics 5(3): 89-94.
We will feel we have self-governance and we will dislike being governed by others.
But the pro-autonomy move is anathema to Turkey, a NATO ally at war with its own Kurdish separatist groups and fearful of an expansion of Kurdish self-governance anywhere.
The prosecutors, in their recently prepared indictment based on an investigation into the self-governance announcement in Silvan, are seeking aggravated life imprisonment for Silvan Co-mayors YE-ksel Bodakcy, ysa Yanyk, Hayati Cesur and MelikE-ah Teke, and Silvan Vice Co-mayor Ayser Yapycy, as well as two Silvan district branch co-chairs of the pro-Kurdish Democratic Regions Party (DBP) on charges of "disruption of national unity and the territorial integrity of Turkey.
Demirtas was a participant in a two-day congress of Kurdish groups this weekend that called for more self-governance.
It has been a longer road getting to this stage than we expected, but we have waited much longer, generations, to regain our self-governance," said Joe Bevan, chief of Kitselas.
This is the call of a close aide of Nur Misuari, Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) founding chairman, on legislators to resolve the decades-old clamor of the Bangsamoro people for self-governance.
Summary: As IT develops faster and faster, standards for enterprise self-governance evolve, and multinational government regulations change, textual data search is more important than ever before.
Government officials, parliamentarians, representatives of regional and local bodies of power, international organizations and civil society gathered at a roundtable discussion today in Astana to discuss the status of implementation of ongoing local self-governance reform in Kazakhstan, OSCE said.