Selim I

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Selim I

(Selim the Grim) (sĕlĭm`), 1467–1520, Ottoman sultan (1512–20). He ascended the throne of the Ottoman Empire by forcing the abdication of his father, Beyazid IIBeyazid II,
1447–1513, Ottoman sultan (1481–1512), son and successor of Muhammad II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). With the help of the corps of Janissaries he put down the revolt of his brother Jem.
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, and by killing his brothers. A religious controversy (see SunniSunni
[Arab. Sunna,=tradition], from ahl al-sunnah wa-l-jamaa [Arab.,=the people of the custom of the Prophet and community], the largest division of Islam. Sunni Islam is the heir to the early central Islamic state, in its ackowledgement of the legitimacy of the order of
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 and ShiitesShiites
[Arab., shiat Ali,=the party of Ali], the second largest branch of Islam, Shiites currently account for 10%–15% of all Muslims. Shiite Islam originated as a political movement supporting Ali (cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam) as the
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) and Persian support for his brother Ahmed led Selim, a Sunni, to attack Persia. In 1514 he defeated the Shiite conqueror of Persia, Shah Ismail, annexing Diyarbekir and Kurdistan. This began the enduring rivalry between Persians and Ottomans. Aided by his superior artillery, Selim defeated (1516–17) the Mamluks in Syria and Egypt, which he added to the Ottoman Empire. By assuming the caliphatecaliphate
, the rulership of Islam; caliph , the spiritual head and temporal ruler of the Islamic state. In principle, Islam is theocratic: when Muhammad died, a caliph [Arab.,=successor] was chosen to rule in his place.
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, Selim made himself and his successors spiritual as well as temporal heads of the empire and gained control over the holy cities of Mecca and Medina. Selim died while preparing the conquest of Rhodes. Under him the Ottoman Empire entered the period of its greatest power. His son, Sulayman I, succeeded him.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the groundbreaking ceremony for the bridge in June 2013, then-President Abdullah GE-l announced that the third Bosporus bridge would be named after Ottoman Sultan Yavuz Selim, commonly known in English as Selim the Grim.
Launched on the anniversary of the Ottoman Empire's conquest of Istanbul, the new bridge was christened after Selim the Grim, the architect of the Ottoman wars against Persia during the 16th century.
Here Casale argues that although Dom Henrique of Portugal, or Henry the Navigator, has been thought of as "laying the foundation of future European maritime expansion," Selim I has become better known as "the infamous Selim the Grim, .
Although once synonymous with execution -- Seddik highlights the Ottoman Sultan Selim I, or Sultan Selim the Grim, as carrying out the most famous execution of the last Mamluk Sultan Tomanbay in the 16th century -- Bab Zuweila later came to be known as Bab Mitwali.
After the government claimed that the bridge would be named after Sultan Yavuz Selim, Turkey's Alevis -- who comprise around 15 percent of the population -- were infuriated; the sultan, also known as Selim the Grim, was infamous for slaughtering upwards of 40,000 Alevis during his reign.