Act of Settlement

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Settlement, Act of,

1701, passed by the English Parliament, to provide that if William IIIWilliam III,
1650–1702, king of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1689–1702); son of William II, prince of Orange, stadtholder of the United Provinces of the Netherlands, and of Mary, oldest daughter of King Charles I of England.
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 and Princess Anne (later Queen AnneAnne,
1665–1714, queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1702–7), later queen of Great Britain and Ireland (1707–14), daughter of James II and Anne Hyde; successor to William III.
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) should die without heirs, the succession to the throne should pass to SophiaSophia
, 1630–1714, electress of Hanover, consort of Elector Ernest Augustus. She was the daughter of Frederick the Winter King and Elizabeth of Bohemia, who was the daughter of James I of England.
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, electress of Hanover, granddaughter of James IJames I,
1566–1625, king of England (1603–25) and, as James VI, of Scotland (1567–1625). James's reign witnessed the beginnings of English colonization in North America (Jamestown was founded in 1607) and the plantation of Scottish settlers in Ulster.
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, and to her heirs, if they were Protestants. The house of HanoverHanover, house of,
ruling dynasty of Hanover (see Hanover, province), which was descended from the Guelphs and which in 1714 acceded to the British throne in the person of George I.
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, which ruled Great Britain from 1714, owed its claim to this act. Among additional provisions, similar to those in the Bill of RightsBill of Rights,
1689, in British history, one of the fundamental instruments of constitutional law. It registered in statutory form the outcome of the long 17th-century struggle between the Stuart kings and the English Parliament.
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, were requirements that the king must join in communion with the Church of England (see England, Church ofEngland, Church of,
the established church of England and the mother church of the Anglican Communion. Organization and Doctrine

The clergy of the church are of three ancient orders: deacons, priests, and bishops.
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), that he might not leave England without parliamentary consent, and that English armies might not be used in defense of foreign territory without parliamentary consent. The act also prohibited royal pardons for officials impeached by Parliament. A clause providing that no appointee or pensioner of the king should sit in the House of Commons was repealed (1705) before the act became effective. The unpopularity of William's pro-Dutch policy, the lack of an heir to William or Anne, and fear of the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 prompted the act.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1971, when Congress enacted the ANCSA settlement act, it revoked the Venetie Reservation and all but one of the other reserves set aside for Native use by legislative or executive action; completely extinguished all aboriginal claims to Alaska land; and authorized the transfer of $962 million in federal funds and approximately 44 million acres of Alaska land to state-chartered private business corporations to be formed by Alaska Natives.
The Court noted in its opinion the New York life settlement act, which Coventry helped spearhead.
Lisa Murkowski and Dan Sullivan, both R-Alaska, this week introduced a total of 15 bills to improve the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA) and ensure that it continues to serve Alaska Native residents, tribes, and corporations.
A provision inside the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 requires the original twelve land-based Alaska Native regional corporations to share 70 percent of their revenue from resource development on their ANCSA conveyed lands.
In addition, approximately 200 village-based Native corporations and twelve Native regional corporations own over forty million acres of land and have assets valued in the billions of dollars as a result of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act ("ANCSA").
Rivada Sea Lion LLC is a partnership between Sea Lion International, a subsidiary of Sea Lion Corporation, established in 1972 under the terms of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act as the village corporation of Hooper Bay, Alaska and Rivada Networks, a leading designer, integrator and operator of wireless, interoperable public safety communications networks.
Te Ohu Kaimoana rejected the Sanctuary proposal and we supported their decision to take legal action because we believe it is wrong that the bill undermines the rights arising from the Treaty of Waitangi Settlement Act 1992.
one of 13 regional Alaska Native corporations established under the terms of the 1971 Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA).
The reforms to the Traditional Owner Settlement Act 2010 support the rights of traditional owners and their unique spiritual, material and economic relationship with the land and its natural resources.
It's been more than forty years since the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act, or ANCSA, created the twelve Alaska Native regional corporations that now represent shareholders of Alaska Native descent in Alaska and around the world, and since then the companies have emerged as some of the most important players in Alaska's economy.
The National Conference of Insurance Legislators (NCOIL) Model Life Settlement Act is a very good bill and we will continue to support its adoption around the country.
The proposed project work is part of the Crow Tribe Water Rights Settlement Act of 2010, which includes funding for the design, construction, and operation of a water supply system to collect, treat, and distribute water to users throughout the Reservation.