Sevsk


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Sevsk

 

a city and administrative center of Sevsk Raion, Briansk Oblast, RSFSR. Sevsk is located on the Sev River of the Dnieper River basin, on the Moscow-Kiev highway, 80 km south of the Navlia railroad station and 142 km from Briansk, with which it is linked by bus. It has a creamery, a plant for the production of dried vegetables, and a hemp-processing plant.

Sevsk has been known since 1146, when it was part of the Chernigov Principality. It became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in 1356. In 1585 it was incorporated into the Moscow State. For a time it was a frontier fortress. In 1634, Sevsk withstood a three-week siege by Polish troops. In 1708 it became part of Kiev Province, and in 1727 of Belgorod Province; in 1779 it became a district capital. In 1796 it was made part of Or-lov Province. Soviet power was established in Sevsk in March 1918. From Oct. 1, 1941, to Aug. 27, 1943, the city was occupied by fascist German troops. Soviet partisans were active in the area. Sevsk has been part of Briansk Oblast since 1944.

Sevsk has architectural monuments dating from the 17th to the 19th century, including remains of fortress ramparts (13th to the 17th century) and the St. Peter and St. Paul Church (1701?).

REFERENCES

Telichko, V. A. Sevsk: Istoricheskii ocherk. Moscow, 1964.
Tsapenko, M. Zemlia Brianskaia. Moscow, 1972. [23—168–2]
References in periodicals archive ?
33) Eleven "letters" were composed over a short period of time (1704-19) in one place, the town of Sevsk (in southwestern Russia).
Because of the tsar's service I, Mikhaila, have not seen her [svidaniia ne Bylo], Marfa, for about seven years, and after my departure she, my wife Marfa, left Putivl' and settled in Sevsk .
To take an example, in 1704 a Sevsk merchant, Luk'ian Zaitsev, won an auction for a mill over the provincial nobleman Petr Nazbitskii.
To take an example, in February 1720, Sofia, a peasant wife from Sevsk District, brought to the local tithe chamber a written request stating that her marriage with her husband, Iakov, had not been consummated in more than four years and paid a registration tax.
46) As in a contract concludcd in 1706 by Danila, a resident of Sevsk, and his "Cherkassian" wife, Efimia, after ten years of living apart (ibid.
49) For example, in 1704, Fekla, the wife of a Sevsk resident, being "unable to live with her husband because of her illness," had her dowry restored so that she could maintain herself in a convent (ibid.
In black-soil Orel and Sevsk provinces, 33 percent of noble estates had more than 50 male souls.
This article demonstrates that Sevsk clerks had to earn a living in various ways, a substantial number of which were quite unrelated to clerical activities.
I have identified all deeds registered in Sevsk from 1701 to 1725 (wills, marriage contracts, purchase and sale contracts, surety bonds, employment contracts, indentured labor contracts, etc.
The characteristics of the town of Sevsk and its district make it of particular interest to historians of administration.
Sevsk was distinguished from most provincial towns by its surprisingly large number of clerks.
Originally a small fortress designed for local defense, Sevsk developed in the second half of the 17th century into a logistics hub for southwest Russia.