Sextus Pompeius


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Pompeius, Sextus

(sĕk`stəs pŏmpā`əs), d. 35 B.C., Roman commander; one of the sons of PompeyPompey
(Cnaeus Pompeius Magnus) , 106 B.C.–48 B.C., Roman general, the rival of Julius Caesar. Sometimes called Pompey the Great, he was the son of Cnaeus Pompeius Strabo (consul in 89 B.C.), a commander of equivocal reputation.
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 the Great. He fought for his father at Pharsalus, then went to Egypt and, after the battle of Thapsus, to Spain, where he continued warring against Caesar's followers after the death of his elder brother in 45 B.C. In 44 B.C., Lepidus (d. 13 B.C.) made a settlement with Sextus, and he was given command of a Roman fleet in 43 B.C. Later outlawed by the Romans, he seized Sicily and prevented grain ships from reaching Rome. He supported Antony, but in 40 B.C. came to a settlement with Octavian (later Augustus). Two years later Octavian accused Sextus of breaking their agreement and attacked him. Sextus defeated Octavian in 38 B.C. and again in 36 B.C. Later that year Sextus was crushed at Mylae and then at Naulochus. He fled to Asia Minor, where he was captured and killed.

Bibliography

See biography by M. Hadas (1930).

References in periodicals archive ?
Margaret Mann Phillips, The 'Adages' of Erasmus: a study with translations (Cambridge 1964) 91: Erasmus had an excerpt from Flaccus (55BC-AD 20) De significatione verborum by Sextus Pompeius Festus (2nd century) at hand.
The Perusine war or siege definitely happened before hostilities between Sextus Pompeius and Octavian broke out, as any Roman of the time would know.
The temple's specific association with the battle at Actium is at the very least not clear and possibly absent, as will be argued below, the temple was originally avowed by Octavian in 36 BC after his campaign against Sextus Pompeius.
That honor has traditionally belonged to Antonio Zarotto, who printed the De verborum significatione of Sextus Pompeius Festus in 1471.
Vixit Sextus Pompeius primum sorori superstes, cuius morte optime cohaerentis romanae pacis uincula resoluta sunt, idenque hic uixit superstes optimo fratri, quem fortuna in hoc euexerat, ne minus alte euro deiceret quam patrem deiecerat, et post hunc tamen casum Sextus Pompeius non tantum dolori, sed etiam belio suffecit.
In a monumental inscription listing his achievements which was copied all over the Roman empire on his death, Augustus summarised his defeat of Sextus Pompeius with the words `I made the sea peaceful and freed it of pirates'.
In a sense it was Augustus's victories over Sextus Pompeius and his other main rival, Mark Antony, that eventually made possible the effective Roman suppression of piracy in the Mediterranean.
On passer as translation of strouthos, see Sextus Pompeius Festus, De Verborum Significatu, ed.
Sextus Pompeius (Pompey), the son of Pompey the Great.
Having given himself over to a life of sensual pleasure with Cleopatra in Egypt, Marc Antony returns to Rome upon hearing of his wife's death and of an attack on Italy by the forces of Sextus Pompeius.
Cassius (September 42), and defeated them at the First and Second Battles of Philippi (October 26 and November 16, 42); returned to Italy and suppressed the revolt of Antony's brother Lucius Antonius at Perusia (41); avoided an open break with Antony, and the two settled their disputes at the treaty of Brundisium (Brindisi) (40); campaigned against Sextus Pompeius, assisted by the able Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa (40-36); led an expedition to pacify Dalmatia, Illyria (Yugoslavia), and Pannonia (western Hungary) (34); quarreled with Antony over Antony's treatment of Octavius' sister and his marriage to Cleopatra; roused the people of Rome against Antony (33); assembled a large army and fleet in southeastern Italy (winter 32-31), and crossed to Greece (April?