Shantou

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Shantou

(shän-tō) or

Swatow

(swä`tou`), city (1994 est. pop. 718,800), SE Guangdong prov., China, a port on the South China Sea, in the Han River delta. When it was opened to foreign trade after the second Opium WarOpium Wars,
1839–42 and 1856–60, two wars between China and Western countries that marked the shift of wealth and power from East to West. The first was between Great Britain and China. Early in the 19th cent.
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, it was a minor fishing village. It became a special economic zone in 1979, which brought new foreign investment and trade to the city. The city has a mix of light and heavy industries, which includes shipbuilding and food processing. Fishing is also important.

Shantou

, Shantow
a port in SE China, in E Guangdong near the mouth of the Han River: became a treaty port in 1869. Pop.: 1 356 000 (2005 est.)
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