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a feudal dynasty of Kurdish descent in Aran and Armenia from approximately 951 to 1199. The founder of the dynasty was Muhammad ibn-Shaddad, who established his rule in the city of Dvin. In Gandzha (now Kirovabad) the main branch of the Shaddadids ruled from the 970’s until the Seljuk conquest of 1075. Manuchihr ibn-Shavur II founded the Ani branch of the Shaddadids in about 1072. After the incorporation of the city of Ani into Georgia in 1199, the Shaddadid dynasty came to an end.