Shalmaneser I


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Shalmaneser I

(shălmənē`zər), d. 1290 B.C., king of AssyriaAssyria
, ancient empire of W Asia. It developed around the city of Ashur, or Assur, on the upper Tigris River and south of the later capital, Nineveh. Assyria's Rise

The nucleus of a Semitic state was forming by the beginning of the 3d millennium B.C.
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. He restored the temple at Assur, established a royal residence at Nineveh, and removed the capital from Assur to Calah, c.18 mi (29 km) S of Nineveh. Shalmaneser III, 859–824 B.C., son of Ashurnasirpal, claimed to have defeated (c.854 B.C.) Benhadad and AhabAhab
, d. c.853 B.C., king of Israel (c.874–c.853 B.C.), son and successor of Omri (1.) Ahab was one of the greatest kings of the northern kingdom. He consolidated the good foreign relations his father had fostered, and Israel was at peace during much of his reign.
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, king of Israel, at Karkar (Kirharaseth) on the Orontes. His victory was probably indecisive, since he failed to reach Damascus or fight his other enemies. He received presents from Jehu of Judah. The black obelisk of Shalmaneser III, found at Calah and now in the British Museum, pictures Jehu prostrate before the king and is believed to be the only surviving picture of an Israelite king. Shalmaneser was defeated by the Chaldaeans in Armenia. In Calah he built an enormous ziggurat. Shalmaneser V, d. 722 B.C., succeeded Tiglathpileser IV (728 B.C.). According to the Book of Second Kings, he attacked Hosea, king of Israel, and besieged Israel's capital, Samaria, but died during the siege. SargonSargon,
d. 705 B.C., king of Assyria (722–705 B.C.), successor to Shalmaneser V. He completed Shalmaneser's siege of Samaria in 721 B.C., thus destroying the northern Israelite kingdom forever. In 720 he defeated a coalition of enemies at Raphia.
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 II finally destroyed Samaria.
References in periodicals archive ?
101) which are to be placed during the reign of Shalmaneser I.
Bloch, "The Order of Eponyms in the Reign of Shalmaneser I," UF 40 (2008 [2010]): 143-78; "The Order of Eponyms in the Reign of Tukult[i.
Arbail is first attested under Assyrian rule in the reign of Shalmaneser I (V.
Nineveh would have been controlled by Assur-uballit I, according to Shalmaneser I (RIMA I.
Kilizu is first found during the reign of Shalmaneser I (KAV 107: 14 and A 1722: 9); see V.
241-58, disclosed a Mitannian palace, which was rebuilt in the Middle Assyrian period and yielded fragments of royal steles with remains of the names of Shalmaneser I and Tukulti-Ninurta I.
Among the very few epigraphic finds are fragments of stone slabs and bricks with restorable names of the Middle Assyrian kings Shalmaneser I, Tukulti-Ninurta I, and Assur-dan I (B.
152, note to line 28, Tadmor dismisses, rightly I believe, the idea that the reference here to Shalmaneser is to the place Kar-Shalmaneser.