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(self-designation, Thainyo), a nationality in Burma, inhabiting primarily the Shan Upland. According to a 1975 estimate, the Shan number 2.1 million.

The Shan, who speak a Thai language, profess Buddhism; the folk religion is based on tiger worship. The Shan first settled in Burma at about the beginning of the Common Era; a Shan state, with its capital at Muanmau, is known to have existed as early as the seventh century. In the 14th and 15th centuries all northern and central Burma was controlled by the Shan, who in turn came under the control of the Burmese kings in the mid-16th century.

The Shan are undergoing national consolidation in their own region of Burma, the Shan State. They engage chiefly in irrigation farming, including the cultivation of rice; the plow is still the principal agricultural implement. Highly developed handicrafts include smithery, jewelry-making, the making of lacquer ware, weaving, and mat braiding.


Narody lugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966.



a national state in Burma, in the Shan Upland. Area, 158,000 sq km. Population, 2,725,000 (1969), most of whom are of Shan nationality. The capital is the city of Taunggyi. The chief crops grown in the Shan state are rice, potatoes, tea, and citrus fruits. Nonagricultural economic activities include logging, the mining of lead-zinc ores (center, Baldwin), the mining of brown coal (center, Lashio), nonferrous metallurgy, and the processing of timber and agricultural raw materials.

References in periodicals archive ?
A Chartered Institute of Housing management board member, Shan is a co-founder and management board member of Women in Social Housing North Wales, which helps women progress to senior positions in the sector.
Shan has appeared in a total of 10 Test matches for Pakistan and toured three different countries namely Sri Lanka, England and West Indies so far.
Sunni Tehrik also lodged complaints against Shan at Islamabad, Attock, Jhelum and Chakwal police stations.
In just one year we have achieved great growth figures for Shan products in the UAE, we have been recognised for this progress with our latest award from Shan.
In an interview with Gulf News before his Thursday night talk, Shan revealed that his Zom- B books were written "in response to the rise of racism in the UK following the bombings in London ten years ago".
The mainstream literature on this borderland is concerned chiefly with the politics of these ethnic insurgencies, as well as the war on drugs that took place in Shan State.
Summary: Master of horror, author Darren Shan, to interact with fans on November 12
ACCLAIMED Welsh soprano Shan Cothi has unveiled details of her first new album in 10 years - Paradwys - as well as plans for an exclusive nine-date tour of Welsh churches and chapels.
There are two factors the reader can always count on when reading an Inspector Shan novel: An interesting and unusual mystery amidst the sordid details of the oppressed Tibetan people following the takeover of the country by China, the everyday life, the rituals, religion and politics.
According to a resident of Allahabad, she first met Shan on Facebook.
Sweden, June 29 -- Political stability in Burma's Shan state looks as if insecure as the government's army is keen on fighting rather than empowering peace talks.