Shanxi

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Shanxi

or

Shansi

(shän`shē`), province (2010 pop. 35,712,111), c.60,000 sq mi (155,400 sq km), NE China. The capital is TaiyuanTaiyuan
, city (1994 est. pop. 1,642,300), capital of Shanxi prov., N China, on the Fen River, in one of the world's richest coal and iron areas. It is a mining and smelting center with a large iron and steel complex and plants making heavy machinery, chemicals, plastics,
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. It is bounded on the west and the south by the Huang He (Yellow River) and on the north by Inner Mongolia. Much of Shanxi is a high plateau region. The soil is fertile loess, but scant rainfall and widespread erosion hamper the raising of sufficient food, which occasionally leads to famine. Reforestation and irrigation projects have been instituted. The main food crops are winter wheat, corn, sorghum, soybeans, millet, barley, and fruit. Cotton, tobacco, and grapes are grown as commercial crops. Livestock is raised in the northern grazing areas, and wool and hides are exported. Shanxi has rich and extensive coal and iron deposits; it supplies as much as one quarter of China's coal. Large deposits of titanium and vanadium are also found. A salt lake in the southwestern part of the province is one of China's major inland sources of salt. The province also has some heavy industry. The Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center is in NW Shanxi. The best communication system of the province is its rail network with connections to central and N China. There are extensive road networks centered in Taiyuan, Datong, Changzhi, Linfen, and Houma. The Fen River (the longest) is partly navigable; it is icebound in winter. From 1911 until the Communist takeover in 1949, a warlord, Yen Xi-shan, ruled Shanxi as an almost independent province; he made notable internal improvements and brought a degree of prosperity. Shanxi's strategic position in the northeast made it a center of Communist activity in the 1940s.

Shanxi

, Shansi
a province of N China: China's richest coal reserves and much heavy industry. Capital: Taiyuan. Pop.: 33 140 000 (2003 est.). Area: 157 099 sq. km (60 656 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
This agreement follows Air Products recent major investments with LuAn in Changzhi, Shanxi Province and Yankuang in Yulin, Shaanxi Province to support Chinas ongoing transformation and upgrade of its coal chemical industry that targets products with higher added-value and sustainability.
com/chinas-jiangjiawan-coal-mine-flooding-kills-8-traps-13-1890074) killed while 13 others were trapped in a mining accident in northern Shanxi province.
In March 1938, forces led by the Communist Party of China prepared an ambush on a Japanese transportation contingent in northwest China's Shanxi Province to cut off supply.
The bizarre circumstances arose after locals in north China's Shanxi province refused a 160,000 dollars offered as compensation for the sacred land where their deceased ancestors lie buried.
The joint venture has also received its first order from Holley Metering Limited for metre modules that incorporate the company's PLC technology for use in a 30,000 smart metre pilot deployment in Inner Mongolia, and has been chosen for a pilot in Fuping county, located in the Shanxi province.
Executive President Shu Hua recently said mainland China authorities has approved a joint venture plan of his company and the Hon Hai Group to open a solar power plant in Datong City of Shanxi Province.
has started production at its VeoVa vinyl ester monomer plant in Shanxi province of China.
The delegation performed traditional and current music of Tibet, Inner Mongolia, and Shanxi Province based on festival celebrations, love of homeland and classic tales.
Summary: Seven people have been confirmed dead after a sleeper bus collided with a car and veered off a highway in north China's Shanxi Province.
Japan, China's Shanxi Province to cooperate on resource development
Exploration of Interprovincial Coal-bed Methane Business Between Shanxi Province and Hebei Province
October 7 2010 - Deyu Agriculture Corp, a vertically integrated producer, processor, marketer and distributor of organic and other agricultural products made from corn and various grains, today announced the acquisition of land use rights to approximately 53,000 mu (8,731 acres) of ecological farmland in Jinzhong City, Shanxi Province.