Sharecropping System


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Sharecropping System

 

(Russian, izdol’shchina), a type of land lease in which part of the harvest is paid to the landowner as rent. The sharecropping system on the whole characterizes precapitalist and underdeveloped capitalist forms of the exploitation of small agricultural producers. With regard to the origin of capitalist relations, the sharecropping system was a transitional form between the feudal and the capitalist land lease. It is still retained as a vestige of feudalism in some developed capitalist countries (the USA, Italy, Spain, and southwestern France). In many Oriental countries the sharecropping system is the chief form of tenant relations.

References in periodicals archive ?
Slow Food perceived these political and economic gaps in the Tuscan rural world since the disappearance of the sharecropping system and proposed itself as a management agency for goods and subjects.
In spite of a prosperous economy based on a profitable cotton industry, African Americans remained impoverished because of the legacy of slavery, the sharecropping system, and institutional racism.
The university will operate the building as a museum, focusing on the sharecropping system of agriculture, the farm labor movement in the South and its role as a forerunner to other civil rights movements.
19) Foreshadowing practices that would become common in the sharecropping system, white leasees had tried to maximize profits by docking black workers for time off and supplies used.
They do not summarize plots but do briefly explain such elements of history as the murder of Emmett Till and the sharecropping system.
Land use concentration is lower than concentration of landownership only in Sindh, reflecting the importance of the sharecropping system.
Tobacco Road (1932) and You Have Seea Their Faces(1937) identify the sharecropping system as the cause of the economic hardship and attendant sufferings of poor Southerners and advocate government intervention and tenant activism to transform the agricultural order.
Deprived by the dead-end structure of the sharecropping system, Bontemps' aged husband and wife are eventually driven to the joint suicide that constitutes the effective surprise ending to the story.
It focuses on the nature of the sharecropping system still dominant as land tenure in several parts of Sind.
Jody's opening gambit in The Hamlet, though it fails, is to swindle Ab Snopes out of his share of the crop, even though the sharecropping system is already lucrative if not usurious for the owners.
There are, however, several problems with the sharecropping system.
Not content simply to yield the opportunity for economic advancement, however, freed blacks negotiated for greater degrees of freedom under the existing agricultural power structures; what resulted was the sharecropping system, whereby the landowner provided the acreage, work animals, tools, and other resources necessary for the black laborer and his family to live and work, and took in exchange up to one half of the realized crop.