Shawnee Prophet

Shawnee Prophet,

1775?–1837?, Native North American of the Shawnee tribe; brother of TecumsehTecumseh
, 1768?–1813, chief of the Shawnee, b. probably in Clark co., Ohio. Among his people he became distinguished for his prowess in battle, but he opposed the practice of torturing prisoners.
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. His Native American name was Tenskwautawa. He announced himself as a prophet bearing a revelation from the Native American master of life. The message urged the renunciation of the acquired ways of the whites and the return to Native American modes and customs in all matters. His doctrines were widespread among Native Americans, and his prestige was enhanced when he foretold a solar eclipse in 1806. His influence gave rise to the plan to confederate all the Native Americans in opposition to the whites—a plan that inspired the Creek War of 1813. In 1811 he led the Native American forces in the battle of TippecanoeTippecanoe
, river, c.170 mi (270 km) long, rising in the lake district of NE Ind. and flowing SW to the Wabash River, near Lafayette. U.S. Gen. William Henry Harrison fought the Shawnees in the battle of Tippecanoe, Nov. 7, 1811, on the site of Battle Ground, Ind.
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. The movement inspired by him provided many recuits for the British in the War of 1812, after which Tenskwatawa retired to Canada with a British pension. He returned to Ohio in 1826 and accompanied his people to Missouri and farther west into Kansas, where he died.


See B. Drake, The Life of Tecumseh and of his Brother the Prophet (1841, repr. 1969).

Shawnee Prophet

See Tenskwatawa.
References in periodicals archive ?
By 1812 the Shawnees had again gathered westward in Indiana with a dozen tribes nominally lead the Shawnee War Chief Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa, also known as the Open Door and the Shawnee prophet and tribal mystic and firebrand, all allied with the British in Canada.
The shortest presidency of all was William Henry Harrison's - the Indian-fighting general known as "Old Tippecanoe" in honour of his victory over native warriors led by Tenkswatawa, the Shawnee Prophet.
Harrison's force was attacked by Shawnees led by the Shawnee Prophet, a brother of Tecumseh.