Shawnee Prophet

Shawnee Prophet,

1775?–1837?, Native North American of the Shawnee tribe; brother of TecumsehTecumseh
, 1768?–1813, chief of the Shawnee, b. probably in Clark co., Ohio. Among his people he became distinguished for his prowess in battle, but he opposed the practice of torturing prisoners.
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. His Native American name was Tenskwautawa. He announced himself as a prophet bearing a revelation from the Native American master of life. The message urged the renunciation of the acquired ways of the whites and the return to Native American modes and customs in all matters. His doctrines were widespread among Native Americans, and his prestige was enhanced when he foretold a solar eclipse in 1806. His influence gave rise to the plan to confederate all the Native Americans in opposition to the whites—a plan that inspired the Creek War of 1813. In 1811 he led the Native American forces in the battle of TippecanoeTippecanoe
, river, c.170 mi (270 km) long, rising in the lake district of NE Ind. and flowing SW to the Wabash River, near Lafayette. U.S. Gen. William Henry Harrison fought the Shawnees in the battle of Tippecanoe, Nov. 7, 1811, on the site of Battle Ground, Ind.
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. The movement inspired by him provided many recuits for the British in the War of 1812, after which Tenskwatawa retired to Canada with a British pension. He returned to Ohio in 1826 and accompanied his people to Missouri and farther west into Kansas, where he died.

Bibliography

See B. Drake, The Life of Tecumseh and of his Brother the Prophet (1841, repr. 1969).

Shawnee Prophet

See Tenskwatawa.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1812 the Potawatomi had a strong presence at Prophetstown on the Wabash River in Indiana territory, allied with Shawnee Chief Tecumseh and his brother the Shawnee prophet.
Employing a wide range of published and unpublished primary sources, Jortner argues that the efforts of the Shawnee Prophet and his older brother (Tecumseh was his brother's sidekick--not the other way around) were not born of desperation at the prospect of inevitable defeat but constituted the opening salvo in a religious war--the Great Spirit against Providence--"with the vast expanse of the western frontier, a holy land, as the prize" (11).
The shortest presidency of all was William Henry Harrison's - the Indian-fighting general known as "Old Tippecanoe" in honour of his victory over native warriors led by Tenkswatawa, the Shawnee Prophet.
Harrison's force was attacked by Shawnees led by the Shawnee Prophet, a brother of Tecumseh.
He had become known as the Shawnee Prophet after receiving a revelation (supposedly from the Native American "Master of Life") urging the renunciation of white ways and a return to traditional customs.
The change in tone was undoubtedly attributed in part to the earthquakes, but the actions of Tecumseh and the Shawnee Prophet may have contributed to the stories.
Tecumseh was aided by his brother, Tenskwatawa, called the Shawnee Prophet.
By 1812 the Shawnees had again gathered westward in Indiana with a dozen tribes nominally lead the Shawnee War Chief Tecumseh and his brother Tenskwatawa, also known as the Open Door and the Shawnee prophet and tribal mystic and firebrand, all allied with the British in Canada.
Next, he explains nativism and the pan-Indian movement of Tecumseh and the Shawnee Prophet.