Shelter


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Shelter

 

(cover), a manmade structure or natural terrain feature, such as a mine, hillside, canyon, ravine, forest, or cave, used to protect military personnel and equipment from enemy fire and bad weather or to provide concealment. Shelters include pits, trenches, dugouts, equipment emplacements, various types of underground structures, and local residential, industrial, and administrative buildings. Cut-and-cover shelters consisting of a pit, one or two ramps for entry and exit, and breastworks are used to conceal combat equipment and vehicles.


Shelter

 

a specially constructed or equipped structure for the protection of military personnel and civilians from artillery shells, bombs, shock waves from atomic explosions, and toxic and radioactive substances. Shelters are classified as light, reinforced, or heavy, depending on the degree of protection afforded, and as small, medium-size, or large, depending on the capacity. Shelters were first used during World War I. Experience gained at that time was later widely used in building bomb shelters and gas shelters before World War II. Such shelters were built in the basements of residences and public buildings in all the major cities of Europe; they were also specially erected in a system of defensive positions during the construction of fortified areas and lines. During World War II, various types of shelter were used in combat to protect soldiers, staff, and medical facilities from artillery shells and bombs; in cities and smaller population centers, they were used to protect civilians.

References in classic literature ?
Finding himself now at his ease and near shelter, his curiosity began to awake, and he demanded of the guide who and what he was.
Here is shelter for one at least, John Carter," he said, and, glancing down, I saw an opening in the base of the tree about three feet in diameter.
Stooping, he crawled into the shelter beside the wounded officer, and placed a cool hand upon his forehead.
The knife was pressed against his side and La's face was close to his when a sudden burst of flame from new branches thrown upon the fire without, lighted up the interior of the shelter.
He shoved the gun and bandoleer into the shelter beside Jane.
Clayton had erected a frail partition of boughs to divide their arboreal shelter into two rooms--one for the girl and the other for Monsieur Thuran and himself.
And having taken these things from under Vasili Andreevich, Nikita went behind the sledge, dug out a hole for himself in the snow, put straw into it, wrapped his coat well round him, covered himself with the sackcloth, and pulling his cap well down seated himself on the straw he had spread, and leant against the wooden back of the sledge to shelter himself from the wind and the snow.
I must remain where I am, with my traveling companion to look after me; and the guide must trust his pony to discover the nearest place of shelter to which I can be removed.
What pains we accordingly take, not only with our Food, and Clothing, and Shelter, but with our beds, which are our night-clothes, robbing the nests and breasts of birds to prepare this shelter within a shelter, as the mole has its bed of grass and leaves at the end of its burrow
It penetrated deep into the land, and the tide, setting in, drifted us under the shelter of the point.
It consisted only of a few raised planks and a rude shelter - built, indeed, for the convenience of St.
The children and their elders after them ran into the shelter of the house, talking merrily.