Sher Shah


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Sher Shah:

see Sher KhanSher Khan
or Sher Shah
, 1486–1545, Afghan ruler in N India. He enlisted in the service of the Mughal leader Babur when the latter invaded India and became governor of Bihar.
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Sher Shah

 

Born 1472; died 1545. Ruler of Hindustan (North India) from December 1539 to 1545.

Sher Shah was a member of the Afghan feudal clan Sur in Bihar. Originally named Farid, he became the ruler of Bihar in 1533 under the title “Sher Khan.” As a result of victories over Humayun at Chausa in 1539 and at Kanauj in 1540, he seized the possessions of the Great Moguls and subjugated Malwa and a number of the Rajput princely states, thus uniting under his rule most of North India. In December 1539 he assumed the title “Sher Shah.”

Sher Shah implemented a series of important reforms that were continued and completed by Akbar. During his reign the jagir system of landownership was organized, in which the holder of a benefice was obligated to maintain a hired cavalry detachment. Sher Shah also initiated land measurement and reorganized the collection of taxes.

References in periodicals archive ?
ANP's provincial president Amir Haider Khan Hoti, Swat president Sher Shah Khan, Aqil Shah, Ayoub Asharey, Rehmat Ali Khan, Wajid Ali Khan and other party leaders were in attendance.
Meanwhile, the residents of Sher Shah and Muzaffarabad areas staged a demonstration on Sher Shah Road.
KARACHI -- A 60-year-old man was caught red-handed by a crowd of people in the Sher Shah locality following screaming and shouting by a minor girl, who the man was allegedly attempting to assault and kidnap.
KARACHI: A man who allegedly tried to sexually assault a minor girl was arrested Friday night in the city's Sher Shah area afterlaw enforcement authorities (LEAs) were alerted by the girl's parents.
Former Provincial Minister Wajid Ali Khan has been nominated for PK-80, former MPA Sher Shah for PK-81, former MPA Waqar Khan for PK-82, former Provincial Minister Ayub Khan for PK-85, MPA Syed Jafar Shah for PK-85 and Fazal Whahab alias Qahbeer Khan for PK-86.
Over 100 sanitary workers, along with heavy machinery, cleaned the entery points including Bahawalpur bypass, Sher Shah bypass, Southern bypass, Nawabpur Road, Khanewal road, Bahwawalpur road, old Shujabad road, etc.
The deceased rickshaw driver was a resident of Data Nagar, Sher Shah Road.
In medieval India, Sher Shah made a serious effort for effective system of communication.
Manjhi said Sher Shah Suri, who defeated the Mughals, got a short tenure to rule the country but he made development and governance his agenda.
According to experts in history, the fort was the scene of a battle between Gakhar chief Sultan Sarang Khan and Sher Shah Suri in 1546 AD.
The hour-long clash on the eastern outskirts of Kabul between Sher Shah and Nawroz ended after intervention from police, the district police head said.