shift work


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shift work

[′shift ‚wərk]
(industrial engineering)
Work paid for by day wage.

shift work

the organization of work into relays. Most common, within the UK, is the double day-shift, but three and four continuous 24-hour shift working is carried out in about a quarter of all work places (Millward and Stevens, 1986). The main reasons for shift working are to maximize the utilization of plant and equipment and thereby reduce costs, and to meet production targets and deadlines. It is also the case that certain industrial processes are, by their nature, continuous. This is particularly so with the continuous process technology associated with the petrochemical industry Workers’ experience of shift work is that it is generally disruptive to their family and social life and deleterious to their health and physical wellbeing (Gallie, 1978). Shift work is also commonly found among professional and technical workers associated with human services, notably in health care, but also covering commercial activities such as air transport. Here the pattern of recruitment and promotion (i.e. ANTICIPATORY SOCIALIZATION) may alter the workers’ perceptions of the disruptions that shift work causes to their lives.
References in periodicals archive ?
The most important finding of the present study is the influence of shift work, smoking, positive cardiovascular family history and physical work on early arterial aging.
The health consequences of shift work are something that affects nurses as well as their patients," said ANF Chairperson Joyce Fitzpatrick, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN, FNAP.
Health experts say that doing shift work can impact health in two ways.
In Canada, where a number of the researchers were based, 7% of heart attacks could be attributed to shift work.
The survey results suggested an impact of shift work on people's work productivity, with one in three shift workers reporting having missed work altogether at least once in the past year because they were too tired.
When examining the effect of night shift work on different types of skin cancer, although the risk for each skin cancer (basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma) decreased, the strongest association was observed for melanoma.
Shift work in nursing: Is it really a risk factor for nurses' health and patients' safety?
It is estimated that the prevalence of shift work disorder may range as high as 5%.
Single parents have their own set of shift work issues.
Approximately 30% of the nursing population is employed in shift work (Hughes & Stone, 2004).
Regardless of the reason why a nurse chooses a position that requires shift work, working noonday-light hours can be detrimental to a nurse's health.
Despite "limited" human data, the IARC panel found "sufficient" evidence from animal experiments to conclude that nighttime shift work "is probably carcinogenic to humans.