Shining Path

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Shining Path,

Span. Sendero Luminoso, Peruvian Communist guerrilla force, officially the Communist party of Peru. Founded in 1970 by Abimael Guzmán Reynoso as an orthodox Marxist-Leninist offshoot of the Peruvian Communist party, the Shining Path turned to terrorismterrorism,
the threat or use of violence, often against the civilian population, to achieve political or social ends, to intimidate opponents, or to publicize grievances.
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 in 1980. By the mid-1980s it had several thousand guerrillas, largely in rural central and S Peru. The group began urban terrorism in the late 1980s. In 1992 President FujimoriFujimori, Alberto
, 1938–, president of Peru (1990–2000), b. Lima, Peru. The son of Japanese immigrants, he was educated in Peru and attended Univ. of Wisconsin. Fujimori was an unknown economist when he scored an upset in the 1990 presidential elections.
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 instituted martial law, and the subsequent capture and life sentence of Guzmán and the jailing of most the organization's central committee diminished their guerrilla raids and largely ended any serious threat to the government. The group persisted, however, continuing its attacks on a smaller scale, and experienced a minor resurgence from 2007, when it became involved in protecting the illegal cocaine trade. In 20 years of fighting as many as 69,000 people, most of them civilians, died. In 2003, Guzmán's conviction was overturned, but a new proceeding in 2004 ended in a mistrial. Guzmán was retried a second time beginning in 2005, and was convicted in 2006 and sentenced to life in prison. In 2012 the government claimed to have defeated a remnant group operating in central Peru; other remnants remained in S Peru.
References in periodicals archive ?
The government said the captives were h found in a "production camp", which produced food for Shining Path members.
Here's the Peru story in brief: Shining Path, led by a former professor named Abimael GuzmEin, attempted to overthrow the Peruvian government in the 1980s.
It was proven that he belonged to the Central Committee of the Shining Path.
Quechua-speaking peasants in this isolated community forcefully rejected an initial incursion of Shining Path militants into the area, capturing and then executing the Shining Path guerrillas, who first entered their community.
So when one of her friends asked to hear about Shining Path and her experience in Peru, Judge asked, "Are you really interested in this?
Similarly, Shining Path built support among the disenfranchised while targeting socially progressive competitors, such as trade unions and community groups, for public support.
In Peru, Shining Path gradually assumed a role in the coca economy by offering to protect growers who were alienated by government and U.
Aiming to overthrow the government, Shining Path militants attempted to recruit Quechuan peasants to join their struggle, often virtually taking over villages and introducing their own highly doctrinal education system.
It happened during the 1980's, while the country was embroiled in a long armed conflict between government forces and the Shining Path, a pro-communist rebel group.
His undocumented assertion that former Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori used the threat of the Shining Path as a ploy to gain support for his authoritarian policies fails to consider the possibility that his authoritarian policies were a means to an end rather than a goal.
of California, San Diego) and Kokotovic (Latin American literature and studies, UCSD) introduce eight papers by colleagues that present interdisciplinary perspectives on responses--including insurrectionist groups like the Shining Path in Peru, and conservatives' rejection of the neoliberal policies that led to the popular election of Bolivia's first indigenous president --to the region's great economic divide between the poor and well-off, relationship between ethnicity and economic class, and recent transformations in the dynamics of political power.