Shiraz


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Shiraz

(shēräz`), city (1991 pop. 965,117), capital of Fars prov., SW Iran, at an altitude of c.5,200 ft (1,580 m). It is a commercial and industrial center and has long been known for its wines, carpets, and metalwork. Other manufactures include textiles, petrochemicals, cement, and sugar. An old settlement, Shiraz became an important commercial, military, and administrative center in the late 7th cent. In the 9th cent. two brothers of Imam Riza died in Shiraz; their tombs are still visited by pilgrims. From about the 10th cent. Shirazi traders were active along the E African coast. Timur sacked the city in the late 14th cent., but later, under the Safavids, it was embellished with numerous new buildings. Under Karim Khan, the city served (1750–79) as capital of Persia; it declined after Karim's successor, Aga Muhammad Khan, moved the capital to Tehran. Hafiz and Sadi, two of Persia's greatest poets, are buried in garden-enclosed tombs in Shiraz. A university and the Fars Museum are also in the city. Nearby are the ruins of PersepolisPersepolis
[Gr.,=city of Persia], ancient city of Persia, ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid empire under Darius I and his successors. The administrative capitals were elsewhere, notably at Susa and Babylon.
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, established by Darius I (fl. 521 B.C.–486 B.C.) as capital of the Persian empire. The palace was destroyed by Alexander in 330 B.C.

Shiraz

 

a city in southwestern Iran, on the Bushire-Isfahan highway. Administrative center of the ostan(province) of Fars. Population, 370,000 (1975). Shiraz produces textiles, sugar, flour, wine, mineral fertilizers, cement, petroleum and attar of roses. The city is famous for its carpets, mosaics, and silver articles. It is the trade center of an agricultural region that produces roses, grapes, tobacco, and sugar beets. A university is located in the city.

Under the Sassanids a settlement stood on the site of Shiraz. A city was founded there by Arabs in the seventh century. From the tenth to mid-llth centuries, Shiraz was a center of the Buyid state. In the 14th century it was seized twice by Tamerlane. In the 14th and 15th centuries the Shiraz school of miniatures was famous. In the second half of the 18th century, under the Zands, the city was the capital of Persia. Shiraz was the birthplace of Saadi and Hafez. The ruins of Persepolis are located 50 km northeast of the city. Architectural monuments include the fortress walls. The Fars Museum, which houses works of Iranian applied art, is located in Shiraz. The Mausoleum of Saadi (1952, architect A. Godard) is nearby.

REFERENCE

Hatami, A. Shiraz. Tehran [1961].

Shiraz

a city in SW Iran, at an altitude of 1585 m (5200 ft.): an important Muslim cultural centre in the 14th century; university (1948); noted for fine carpets. Pop.: 1 230 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Rosemount Estate Shiraz 2000 is another ubiquitous branded wine, and priced around pounds 7.
The reasons for the huge success of Shiraz are obvious: big blackberry fruit flavours coupled with peppery spice, generally high alcohol levels - which seems to be in vogue these days - and lower tannins and acidity.
and it will make a lot of progress in the next 10 years," Caiado said after visiting Shiraz city's mega development projects.
2008 vintage Penfolds owned or managed the early ripening Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon from precious older, lower-yielding, self-regulating vines.
Mr Shiraz will support West Yorkshire ska band Random Hand on Thursday, December 20.
Wakefield Estate Shiraz Clare Valley 2008 (Majestic, pounds 8.
Return flights will depart Shiraz at 11:15 am and arrive in Sharjah at 11:45 am.
There is plenty of inexpensive syrah or shiraz to be found.
Graham Beck Shiraz (at 15% alcohol) is massively constituted with an incredibly concentrated, but soft taste of black fruit, licorice, leather and pepper.
But don't worry about syrah or shiraz prices being so high.
Shiraz is yet another grape everyone is drinking, but it has always been responsible for some very fine wines most notably Hermitage in the Rhone Valley and more recently in the new world with Penfolds Grange.
99 [pounds sterling] Reserve range consists of Chardonnay, Shiraz, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot.