Shrapnel


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shrapnel

[′shrap·nəl]
(ordnance)
Small lead or steel balls contained in a shrapnel case which is fired from an artillery piece; the balls are projected in a forward direction upon the functioning of the fuse.

Shrapnel

 

originally an artillery shell filled with round shot. Shrapnel is primarily intended to strike live, exposed targets. It was named for an English officer, H. Shrapnel, who in 1803 proposed filling an artillery shell with cast-iron case shot, thereby intensifying the shell’s effect. Exploded in the air at a predetermined distance from the target, shrapnel was highly effective and was widely used in World War I.

Shrapnel was replaced in the 1930’s by the more powerful fragmentation and high-explosive fragmentation shells. The late 1960’s witnessed the introduction of shrapnel-type artillery shells filled with dart-like projectiles, or fléchettes, intended to strike unconcealed enemy personnel. There are up to 8,000 such projectiles in the US 105-mm shell, each fléchette 24 mm long and weighing 0.5 g. Thrown from the shell as a result of centrifugal force and the pressure of the powder gases of the bursting charge, the fléchettes are scattered in a conical pattern.

References in periodicals archive ?
Despite the explosion, the shell remained fairly intact and the surviving shrapnel balls could clearly be seen.
Turban is rated 29lb superior but I think Mullins' charge doesn't deserve such a lofty mark and I'd be surprised if Shrapnel doesn't achieve a mark in the 130s this season.
Shrapnel is 'n tydsdokument wat die intrige plaas in 'n tydperk in die Suid-Afrikaanse geskiedenis waarbinne veral jong Afrikanermans, oorweldig deur ontnugtering, 'n uitsiglose blik op 'n toekoms ervaar.
He said: "The blast was so powerful it drove shrapnel into the back of my legs and left arm.
In their simulations, the researchers used two-millimeter pieces of needle because, like shrapnel, they are subject to magnetism.
Mr Mann, who lives with wife Constance, said: "I can't believe the shrapnel came out after 65 years.
Mr Mann, who had no idea the half-inch shrapnel had lodged in his jaw, has spent years in pain, eating only soft foods.
But the married dad-of-two was attacked with rocket-propelled grenades and struck in the chest by a large piece of flying shrapnel.
However, there's no denying Shane Richie (aka Archie Daley, below,) has enough cheeky charm to carry the series, while the brilliantly named Lex Shrapnel (son of voiceover king/Gladiator star John Shrapnel) adds dramatic weight as minder Jamie Collins.
Summary: Two Israelis sustained shrapnel wounds Wednesday afternoon after one Palestinian rocket, which was fired from the Gaza Strip, exploded at the parking lot of a commercial center in Sderot
I took pretty good shrapnel wounds to my legs, a laceration to my scrotum, shrapnel to my left arm and I was unconscious," Fitzpatrick said.