Sialk

Sialk

 

the remains of a multilayered settlement of the fifth to the first millennium B.C.; located 5 km southwest of city of Kashan in Iran. The site was investigated by a French archaeological expedition from 1933 to 1937.

Six periods in the history of the settlement have been traced. Sialk I through Sialk IV reflect the gradual development of a settled farming culture. Sialk I is typified by packed-clay houses, painted pottery, and copper articles. Sialk II features vessels decorated with animal figures. Finds from Sialk III indicate a period of flowering of the local culture; they include pottery made on a potter’s wheel, cast copper articles, and seals. This period was evidently interrupted by the advance of the Elamites into the region in approximately 3000 B.C., which is evident from the proto-Elamitic pictography and cylinders of the Sialk IV complex. Sialk V dates from the end of the second millennium B.C.. and is typified by pit burials, unpainted pottery, and various bronze articles (necropolis A). Among the finds were two iron objects. Sialk VI, which dates from approximately 670 B.C.. to the beginning of the Common Era, had a citadel. Researchers have associated the rich burials in stone boxes of necropolis B with early Median tribes.

REFERENCES

Masson, V. M. Sredniaia Aziia i Drevnii Vostok. Moscow-Leningrad, 1964.
Ghirshman, R. Fouilles de Sialk, vols. 1–2. Paris, 1938–39.

V. M. MASSON

References in periodicals archive ?
The form and direction of burial, along with the identified vessels, could be compared with burials conducted in Cheshmeh Ali Hill in Rey and during the second period at Sialk Hill in Kashan.
Fouilles de Sialk pres de Kashan, Volueme 1 (Musee du Louvre, Departement des Antiquites Orientales, Serie Archeologique 4).
Sialk III and the pottery sequence at Tepe Ghabristan: the coherence of the cultures of the Iranian central plateau.
Tehran, May 18 (ANI): Archeologists have discovered a mysterious burial ritual performed 9,000 years ago in Iran's Sialk Mound located in the center of the country.
According to a report in Press TV, Iranian and Polish archeologists' investigations have revealed a specific burial ritual in Sialk Mound.
Archeologists from Iran, Germany, Britain, Italy and France have been studying the northern mound of Sialk since last week.
localisation dans Ia region de Tepe Sialk, quelque part entre Qom et Isfahan (dans Tablettes et Images aux pays de Sumer et d'Akkad: Melanges offerts H.
The Sialk III deposits have important evidence for relatively small scale pottery, copper and silver production, including examples of copper ore, hammerstones, anvils, crucibles and fragments of moulds for casting ingots and shaft-hole axes.
Marlik, the richest site, had special crescentic axe heads and bronze forks, present also at Sialk and the Caucasus.
In the light of the perceptions and diffusionist interpretations then in fashion, Piggott had proposed a chronology based on comparison of several Baluch cultures with assemblages from Sialk and Hissar in Iran.
Here again the images of the dragon are interesting since there is not one canonical representation: beside the Elamite snake versions (snake representations are basic in Elam since Susa I, during the Proto-Elamite periods up to Sialk, etc.