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Sialkot(syäl`kōt), city (1998 pop. 417,597), near the Indian border, Pakistan. It is a rail junction and a major trade and processing center. Manufactures include sporting goods, processed foods, and ceramics. Textile weaving is also important. A fortress built in 1181 by Muhammad of GhorMuhammad of Ghor,
d. 1206, Afghan conqueror of N India. A brother of the sultan of Ghor, he was made governor of Ghazni in 1173 and from there launched a series of invasions of India. By 1186 he had conquered the Muslim principalities in the Punjab.
..... Click the link for more information. and the mausoleum of Guru Nanak, founder of the Sikh religion (see SikhismSikhism
, religion centered in the Indian state of Punjab, numbering worldwide some 19 million. Some 300,000 Sikhs live in Britain, and there are smaller communities in North America, Australia, and Singapore.
..... Click the link for more information. ), are in Sialkot. The city is also the birthplace of the philosopher-poet Muhammad IqbalIqbal, Muhammad
, 1877–1938, Indian Muslim poet, philosopher, and political leader. He studied at Government College, Lahore, Cambridge, and the Univ. of Munich, and then he taught philosophy at Government College and practiced law.
..... Click the link for more information. .
a city in Pakistan, in Punjab Province, near the Chenab River. Capital of Sialkot District. Population, 212,000 (1972, census). Situated on a railroad and highway, Sialkot is an important transportation point and a major commercial and industrial center. The city has textile, spice, leather, and metal-working industries. Sialkot is known for the sporting goods, surgical instruments, and hardware items that are produced by hand for export.