Sialkot

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Sialkot

(syäl`kōt), city (1998 pop. 417,597), near the Indian border, Pakistan. It is a rail junction and a major trade and processing center. Manufactures include sporting goods, processed foods, and ceramics. Textile weaving is also important. A fortress built in 1181 by Muhammad of GhorMuhammad of Ghor,
d. 1206, Afghan conqueror of N India. A brother of the sultan of Ghor, he was made governor of Ghazni in 1173 and from there launched a series of invasions of India. By 1186 he had conquered the Muslim principalities in the Punjab.
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 and the mausoleum of Guru Nanak, founder of the Sikh religion (see SikhismSikhism
, religion centered in the Indian state of Punjab, numbering worldwide some 19 million. Some 300,000 Sikhs live in Britain, and there are smaller communities in North America, Australia, and Singapore.
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), are in Sialkot. The city is also the birthplace of the philosopher-poet Muhammad IqbalIqbal, Muhammad
, 1877–1938, Indian Muslim poet, philosopher, and political leader. He studied at Government College, Lahore, Cambridge, and the Univ. of Munich, and then he taught philosophy at Government College and practiced law.
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Sialkot

 

a city in Pakistan, in Punjab Province, near the Chenab River. Capital of Sialkot District. Population, 212,000 (1972, census). Situated on a railroad and highway, Sialkot is an important transportation point and a major commercial and industrial center. The city has textile, spice, leather, and metal-working industries. Sialkot is known for the sporting goods, surgical instruments, and hardware items that are produced by hand for export.

Sialkot

a city in NE Pakistan: shrine of Guru Nanak. Pop.: 487 000 (2005 est.)