Sibiu


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Sibiu

(sēbyo͝o`), Ger. Hermannstadt, Hung. Nagyszeben, city (1990 pop. 188,385), central Romania, at the foot of the Transylvanian Alps. There are mechanical engineering works and industries producing textile machinery, foodstuffs, and leather. The city is also a market for farm products and cattle. Founded in the 12th cent. by German colonists, Sibiu was destroyed by the Tatars in 1241. In the 14th cent. it became a leading administrative and commercial center of the German communities in Transylvania. It suffered greatly in the wars against the Turks and in the 17th cent. came under Austrian control. With the rest of Transylvania, it was ceded to Romania in 1918. The city preserves much of its medieval character and has a considerable German minority, although many Germans were forced to leave after World War II. Long a cultural center of Transylvania, Sibiu has a state theater, a philharmonic orchestra, and the Bruhenthal museum. The city is an Orthodox metropolitan see and has two cathedrals.

Sibiu

 

a district in central Rumania, occupying the Transylvanian Plateau and the northern slopes of the Southern Carpathians. Area, 5,400 sq km. Population, 457,000 (1974). The administrative center is the city of Sibiu. Industry in Sibiu District accounts for 3.5 percent of the country’s gross industrial output; the chief branches are machine building (40 percent of the district’s gross output), textile production (8.6 percent), and food processing (13.5 percent). The district also has enterprises of the nonferrous metallurgical, leather and footwear, clothing, • chemical, woodworking, glass, porcelain and faience, building-materials, and printing industries. Agriculture accounts for 1.3 percent of the country’s gross output; the district specializes in the cultivation of wheat, corn, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, flax, and hemp. Fruits are grown in the foothills; grapes are cultivated in the Tîrnava Mare River valley. Livestock is raised on the natural meadows and pastures, which cover 33 percent of the district’s territory.


Sibiu

 

a city in central Rumania, on the Cibin River, a tributary of the Olt River, near where the Cibin cuts through the Southern Carpathians. Administrative center of Sibiu District. Population, 129,000 (1974). Sibiu is one of Rumania’s industrial centers and transportation junctions. Machine building is a major industry, producing equipment for the chemical, metallurgical, mining, and light industries, automobile parts, and measuring instruments. The textile industry produces fabrics, carpets, and clothing, including knitwear, and the food industry includes meat, dairy, and confectionery enterprises and enterprises for the production of flour, wine, and vodka. There are also leather and footwear, sawmilling, furniture, cosmetics, and printing enterprises. Sibiu is a tourist site.

Medieval buildings have been preserved in the center of the city, including remains of city fortifications (13th to 17th centuries), the Gothic Hospital Church (1292) and Evangelical Church (1350 to early 16th century), and private houses (14th to 16th centuries). Palaces with portals in the Renaissance style (16th century) are located on Republic Square, as are several baroque structures, including the tower of the town hall (completed 1750). a church (1726–38), and the Brukenthal Palace (1780–85; now the Brukenthal Museum). Since the late 1940’s, new residential areas have been under construction, including Terezian and Hipodrom, as well as the areas along Ştefan cel Mare and Dumbrăva streets and Gheorghe-Gheorghiu-Dej Boulevard.

Sibiu

an industrial town in W central Romania: originally a Roman city, refounded by German colonists in the 12th century. Pop.: 133 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The company would like to take this chance to welcome its business partners and future team members to Sibiu, Romania.
Hundreds of Roma turned out for a funeral in his Transylvanian hometown of Sibiu to remember him on Friday.
Scandia Food is the leading canned-meat products company in Romania with over 50 percent of the market offering liver pate, stews, meat sauces and traditional Romanian dishes under the brand names of Scandia Sibiu, Bucegi and Sadu.
This book contains a collection of papers on the theme of the book's title that were presented at an international conference held at the Orthodox Theological Faculty Andrei Saguna in Sibiu, Romania, from 14-17 May 2009.
Sibiu was the European Capital of Culture in 2007, and this festival reflects the spirit of connections that the Capital of Culture project embodies, as well as presenting new opportunities for cultural exchange.
The addition of Sibiu, Lufthansa's third Romanian destination after Bucharest and Timisoara, will increase the number of weekly flights to Romania from 66 to 71.
Ana returned and married 15-year-old Mihai Birita in Sibiu, Romania.
There is no mention of the Kapellenbibliothek Nagyszeben as the source of the Muzeul Brukenthal collection in Sibiu, Romania (785).
Maria Staicu, 41, who lives in the city of Sibiu and has two children, said the pain and debasement she endured in 1991 when she had a legal abortion left her determined not to go through it again.
Cioran, who has lived in Paris since 1937, was born near Sibiu in a village called Rasinari.
Implementing agency : Ministerul Apararii Unitatea Militara 02444 Sibiu