Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.



according to ancient tradition, one of the oldest tribes on the island of Sicily.

At first the Sicani inhabited all of Sicily; hence the island’s original name of Sicania. In the 13th century B.C.. they were gradually displaced by the Siculi to the southwestern part of the island. From the seventh through fourth centuriesB.C.. the Sicani were under the hegemony of Carthage and Greece; as a result of Greek influence they gradually became hellenized.

The origin of the Sicani is not known; Thucydides called them Iberians, but Timaeus considered them indigenous to Sicily. Toponymic findings confirm that the Sicani and the Iberians belong to the same language group.


Nemirovskii, A. I. Istoriia rannego Rima i ltalii. Voronezh, 1962.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
2001), was also found in some scattered areas of the Sicani mountains, impoverished by humans in order to obtain fields for cultivation (Figure.
In the study area of the Sicani mountains, this latter series is represented by Quercus ilex woodland referred to Rhamno alaterni-Quercetum ilicis subass.
This vegetation is located in the Sicani mountains, and particularly in Sambuca di Sicilia (contrada Menta) and Bivona (Torrente Alba).
Adult hampers come with the all-important bottle of white or red Sicani wine and mineral water, whilst each children's picnic includes a glass of fresh juice.
Sicani, Siculi ed Elimi: forme di identita, modi di contatto e processi di trasformazione, Milano, 2003.
Staying in the Mediterranean south, Terre dei Sicani Nero d'Avola/Shiraz (pounds 4.
the ERDF OP 2007/2013 of the Sicilian Region-Operations-Tours around the Valley-Wine Routes Terre-Sicane the Platany Valley and Sicani Mountains.