Shechem

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Shechem

(shē`kəm), town, central ancient Palestine, the modern Tell Balatan, between Mts. Gerizim and Ebal, near NablusNablus
, Heb. Shechem, city (2003 est. pop. 127,000), the West Bank. It is the market center for a region where wheat and olives are grown and sheep and goats are grazed. Manufactures include soap made from olive oil and colorful shepherds' coats.
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. Excavations in the 20th cent. indicate a village there c.3500 B.C. Shechem's greatest period began c.1700 B.C. when the HyksosHyksos
[Egyptian,=rulers of foreign lands], invaders of ancient Egypt, now substantiated as the XV–XVIII dynasties. They were a northwestern Semitic (Canaanite or Amorite) people who entered Egypt sometime between 1720 and 1710 B.C.
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 rebuilt it. According to patriarchal narratives in the Book of Genesis, it was visited by Abraham, and Jacob built an altar to God there. Jacob pastured his flocks near Shechem; his well remains a landmark. The rape of Dinah, Jacob's daughter, by Shechemites provoked Jacob's sons to plunder the city. As related in the book of JoshuaJoshua
, book of the Bible. It is the first book of the Deuteronomic history (Joshua–2 Kings), in which the theological outlook of the Book of Deuteronomy is used to explain the fate of Israel.
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, after the Canaanite conquest, Hebrew tribes gathered at Shechem. Solomon's son RehoboamRehoboam
, in the Bible, last king of the United Monarchy, first king of Judah, son of Solomon. Under him the northern tribes broke away from the rule of Jerusalem and set up a separate kingdom (called Israel) with Jeroboam I as their king.
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 was crowned (c.930 B.C.) there; Jeroboam IJeroboam I
, in the Bible, first king of the northern kingdom of Israel. He was an Ephraimite and led a revolt against Solomon, inspired probably by the restlessness of N Palestine under southern rule.
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 "built" Shechem. Thus it was the first northern capital, before Samaria. A small community of Samaritans still live in the area.

Shechem

(shĕk`əm, shē`–), in the Bible. 1 Hivite prince. 2 Manassite chief.
References in periodicals archive ?
When the message was received by the Sichem Fernol shortly before 6pm on an April evening in 2005, officers on the bridge were able to pin-point the signal and inform the Portuguese coastguard that as the nearest ship, they were already on their way.
In addition, the financial lease of the 8,800-dwt ship Sichem Peace, built in 2005, will expire in the second half of 2011.
At Mechlin, Zutphen, Naarden, Oudwater, Sichem and Maestricht defenders and noncombatants were killed indiscriminately.
He and his devoted servant Baptista inhabit a palace unchanged since the fifteenth century, surrounded by priceless works of art which he refuses to sell to art dealer Sichem (brother of the rabbi Sichem of Le Vice supreme), (11) just as he rejects the advances of Donna Serafina, a rich countrywoman in search of a title.
Esta presente y visible en el sacrificio de Cain y Abel", cierra la puerta del Arca de Noe con sus propias manos, "habla con Abraham en Sichem, Bethel y Hebron, y toda la noche forcejea con Jacob como si fuera un pillo" (p.
ostenditur autem in eodem oppido palacium Melchisedech ex magnitudine ruinarum ostendens ueteris operis excellenciam, ad quam ciuitatem siue opidum legitur eciam Iacob descendisse qui fuit in terra Canaan regionis Sichem.
Another example regarding the "promised land" concept may be found in Genesis 12:6-7: "and Abram passed through the land unto the place of Sichem, unto the plain of Moreh.
Abram and Sarai moved from Sichem to Bethel to the sacred oaks of Mamre in Hebron.
His objective was 'das Offenhalten des Geistes fur Grosse', which he regarded as 'eine der wenigen sichem Bedingungen des Glucks im hochsten Sinn (p.
Her brothers, Jacob's sons, while pretending reconciliation with Sichem and the Sichimites, demand that the Sichimites be circumcised; three days after the circumcisions, Dina's brothers, without asking Dina, avenge her dishonor by slaughtering all of the apparently weakened as well as ritually lulled Sichimite males (see John P.
She indicates how cynicism gives way to a conciliatory position later in Erasmus's life; moreover, she studies the attacks by Catholic defenders of monasticism, Carvajal and Sichem, and manifests the divide, perhaps unbridgeable, between the theological language of scholastics and that of the humanists.