Henry Sidgwick

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Sidgwick, Henry

 

Born May 31, 1838, in Skipton, Yorkshire; died Aug. 29, 1900, in Cambridge. English philosopher and economist.

Educated at Rugby and at Cambridge University, Sidgwick was a teacher from 1859 and from 1883, professor of ethics at Cambridge University. He approached philosophy, ethics, and political economy from the standpoint of utilitarianism. In his principal work, The Methods of Ethics, which was published in 1874, he regarded utilitarianism as the basic method of resolving moral problems. He was not sufficiently consistent, however, and he sometimes tended toward intuitivism. Sidgwick believed that most moral judgments are mainly arrived at empirically rather than a priori. An ethical orientation is evident in his views on political economy, which he presented in the Principles of Political Economy (1883). At the same time, Sidgwick attempted to separate the ethical and political aspects of political economy, which he characterized as the sphere of “art,” from the purely economic aspects, which he characterized as the sphere of “science.” According to Sidgwick, science differs from art in that it describes what is, whereas art describes what ought to be. He declared induction the basic method of science, and deduction the preferred method for art. Sidgwick devoted a great deal of attention to the economic role of the state. In his presentation of the major categories of political economy (production, distribution, exchange, value, and capital), he closely followed J. S. Mill.

REFERENCE

Seligman, B. Osnovnye lecheniia sovremennoi ekonomicheskoi mysli. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)

I. T. LASHCHINSKII

References in classic literature ?
So far as I know there is only one ethical writer, Professor Henry Sidgwick, who has clearly recognised and stated this fact.
They have trained hard for around two years after school, with regular weekly tuition throughout from their PE teacher Mr Sidgwick and partly from sporadic short term additional coaching funded by School's Sports Premium Funding.
However, the majority of economic gains have accrued in the urban areas, with rural areas, including provinces in the northeast, lagging behind," said Eric Sidgwick, ADB's Country Director for Viet Nam.
Angela Upton, grand-daughter of Margaret's mum, said that her family had been devastated by the news of the play, which has taken Mr Sidgwick, chairman of Cannock Chase Arts Council, two years to write.
It's not the first time that Peter Sidgwick has chosen dark topics for his scripts.
Sidgwick (Amateur Astronomer's Handbook, 4th edition, 1980) notes: "For work requiring maximum resolving power, increasing the diameter of the central obstruction might profitably be tried.
Green, Henry Sidgwick, Herbert Spencer, John Robert Seeley, J.
Eric Sidgwick, ADB country director for Vietnam said: Sharing our knowledge will also play a key role in the new CPS, with a particular focus on strengthening the business enabling environment, promoting fiscal transparency and public accountability, and fostering integrated and green urban infrastructure.
This approach is defended by Henry Sidgwick in his influential The Methods of Ethics and presented as a development of a basically Socratic idea of philosophical method.
Publishers Sidgwick & Jackson have just brought out A Year In The Life of the Yorkshire Shepherdess and Amanda admits it was hard.
No Cunning Plan: The Autobiography by Tony Robinson will be published in the UK in the Sidgwick & Jackson imprint this September.
Sidgwick and Contemporary Ethics, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2014,403 pp.