Henry Sidgwick

(redirected from Sidgwick)

Sidgwick, Henry


Born May 31, 1838, in Skipton, Yorkshire; died Aug. 29, 1900, in Cambridge. English philosopher and economist.

Educated at Rugby and at Cambridge University, Sidgwick was a teacher from 1859 and from 1883, professor of ethics at Cambridge University. He approached philosophy, ethics, and political economy from the standpoint of utilitarianism. In his principal work, The Methods of Ethics, which was published in 1874, he regarded utilitarianism as the basic method of resolving moral problems. He was not sufficiently consistent, however, and he sometimes tended toward intuitivism. Sidgwick believed that most moral judgments are mainly arrived at empirically rather than a priori. An ethical orientation is evident in his views on political economy, which he presented in the Principles of Political Economy (1883). At the same time, Sidgwick attempted to separate the ethical and political aspects of political economy, which he characterized as the sphere of “art,” from the purely economic aspects, which he characterized as the sphere of “science.” According to Sidgwick, science differs from art in that it describes what is, whereas art describes what ought to be. He declared induction the basic method of science, and deduction the preferred method for art. Sidgwick devoted a great deal of attention to the economic role of the state. In his presentation of the major categories of political economy (production, distribution, exchange, value, and capital), he closely followed J. S. Mill.


Seligman, B. Osnovnye lecheniia sovremennoi ekonomicheskoi mysli. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)


References in classic literature ?
So far as I know there is only one ethical writer, Professor Henry Sidgwick, who has clearly recognised and stated this fact.
The cast for the 2015 tour includes Hester Arden as Miss Casewell, Edward Elgood as Christopher Wren, Mark Homer as Giles Ralston, Esther McAuley as Mollie Ralston and Jonathan Sidgwick as Mr Paravicini.
NEWS: The Labour Party will start abolishing the bedroom tax on the first day of a new Government, pledges Ed Miliband "It should never of been brought in" Judith Jefferson SPORT: Leicester 3-0 Newcastle - Gutless Magpies serve up another horror show "Bad performance again, worst run ever and a clueless head coach" Jamie Sidgwick ENTERTAINMENT: Looks like James Arthur is getting excited for his tour.
From left, Uzma Uddin, Sam Elliott, Sophie Sidgwick
Sidgwick gives various tests for highest certainty.
RADFORD Semele will play Westlea Wanderers in the final of the Cancer Cup at the New Windmill on May 4 after bypassing Harbury Albion 3-1 in midweek - Will Burden, Jack Sidgwick and Nick Collen eclipsing an Adam Johnson consolation.
The loan agreement was signed by Cambodian Minister of Economy and Finance Keat Chhon and ADB Country Director Eric Sidgwick, the ADB said in a statement.
FACT Magazine's Tony Sidgwick, Rashid Bindaina and Syed Raihman were crowned the victors of the event.
As the nation's only publicly-voted awards campaign for the dining and leisure scene, the event provides invaluable feedback from the general public about the most popular venues in the kingdom," said FACT editor-in-chief Tony Sidgwick.
The marriage and family life of Mary Sidgwick and Edward Benson, first Bishop of Truro and later Archbishop of Canterbury, is one of the most fascinating--some would say bizarre--of the nineteenth century.
Contact Sarah Sidgwick of the Sheffield Wildlife Trust on 0114 263 4335 or email s.