Signal Corps

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Signal Corps


specialized troops whose function is to en-sure communications and the control of troops. In the armed forces of most countries all combat arms have signal corps units. The Soviet signal corps is composed of communications units and signal centers and of supply, repair, and other subunits.

In the Russian Army, signal corps subunits appeared in the middle of the 19th century, after the invention of the electric telegraph. The first military field telegraph was used in the Crimean War (1853-56). The first signal corps units were called military field telegraph depots and were introduced into army corps in 1884; they were later replaced by military telegraph companies. In May 1899 the world’s first military electronic communication unit was set up: the Kronstadt Military Spark Telegraph. From 1900 electronic communications were gradually introduced into the army. In the Russo-Japanese War (1904-05) the Russian Army used telephones and wire and radio telegraphs. However, the army had few such instruments because of Russia’s technological and economic backwardness. By the beginning of World War I (1914-18) the Russian Army had signal corps subunits in all infantry, cavalry, and artillery units of all sizes. In October 1919, upon the instructions of V. I. Lenin, a signal corps chief of the Red Army was appointed and the Signal Corps Administration set up (the first chief and simultaneously commissar of the Signal Corps Administration was A. M. Liubovich). In all military formations and in large units up to the brigade level inclusive, the post of signal corps chief was introduced and signal corps administrations and departments (divisions) were set up. From that time on the signal corps became an independent specialized combat arm. In November 1919 the Higher Electrotechnical School was set up; it was later transformed into the Military Electrotechnical Academy of Communications. By 1927 the technical re-equipment of the signal corps with Soviet instruments was basically completed, and in 1929-31 new signal corps units and subunits were formed in the armored troops, the air force, the National Air Defense Forces, and the artillery.

During the Great Patriotic War (1941-45) the method and techniques of signal corps operations were further developed and new means of communications created, including mobile communication centers, ultrashortwave radio stations, and teletypewriters. During the war combat orders were awarded to about 600 signal corps units, and the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was conferred on 290 signal corps soldiers. In the postwar period the structure of the signal corps was radically reorganized, and the signal corps was armed with modern communications equipment.


References in periodicals archive ?
Both the wig-wag and semaphore visual signaling systems were part of the Signal Corps programs of instruction taught to Signal Soldiers until World War I.
The Signal Corps had scrounged up the money to buy the airplane but provided Foulois with only $150 to operate it in 1910.
Crucial to this effort is the development of key technologies that will enable our Signal Corps to provide a network that meets the communication needs of this future Army.
As I prepare to move on, I will keep my ear to the ground and look forward to hearing about the future accomplishments of the Signal Corps.
Army Signal Corps often assumed significant organizational risk that jeopardized existing force structure or its identity, but it did not vanish and it will not disappear during the assumption of this new mission.
On June 1, 1986, the Signal Corps (Regiment) was formed under the whole branch regimental concept.
Its purpose was to keep members of the Signal Corps "Interested in their own particular branch of service and the Army, and will also keep them informed of future plans of organization and training, development of Signal Corps methods and equipment, applications of lessons learned.
Today's Army Signal Corps comprises the force that builds, maintains, operates, defends and secures all of the networks to meet the needs of our expeditionary land forces.
Army Signal Corps 31st Signal Regimental Symposium, the event serves as a forum where senior leaders can continue to shape regimental vision to meet Army requirements today and in the future.
Army Signal Corps 153rd birthday, senior leaders, Soldiers, distinguished guests and family members gathered together June 22 at the Augusta Marriott to celebrate the annual event in splendor.

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