Silbury Hill


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Silbury Hill (England)

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

The prehistoric Silbury Hill, located in Wiltshire, England, is not far from Stonehenge and Avebury. It is the largest manmade mound in Europe. The base of the hill covers some five and a half acres, and the hill is about 130 feet high. Built in the third millennium CE, it took between twenty and fifty years to complete. A Neolithic site, it might have something to do with the same culture that built the many stone monuments across the British Isles. The hill’s purpose, however, remains a mystery.

Investigations of the hill indicate it was constructed in three parts. In the middle of the hill is a mound approximately 20 feet high. This mound was then covered with a layer of chalk. Finally, a ditch was excavated around the hill and its material used to further build up the hill. The internal structure of the hill is hidden under the dirt that covers the chalk.

Some have suggested that the hill was a burial mound; however, no sign of any human remains have been detected inside the hill. Others believe that at one time a pole might have been erected on the hill, thus turning it into a large sundial. It might also have been a center for various worship activities that was later abandoned in favor of other nearby sites.

Silbury Hill is unimposing and can easily be missed by passing travelers who fail to see the sign that identifies it.

Sources:

Atkinson, Richard. Silbury Hill. London: BBC Publications, 1968.
Cunnington, M. E. An Introduction to the Archaeology of Wiltshire, from the Earliest Times to the Pagan Saxons with Chapters on Stonehenge, Avebury, Silbury Hill, Woodhenge, Barrows, Earthwords, Etc. n.p.: privately printed, 1938.
Dames, Michael. The Silbury Treasure. London: Thames & Hudson, 1976.
References in periodicals archive ?
Rising to almost 40 metres high and measuring 160 metres around, Silbury Hill dominates an otherwise flat landscape.
Hotter, drier summers could increase visitor numbers and change the plant species which stabilise the chalk downlands, causing more soil erosion, while Stonehenge, Avebury and Silbury Hill face increased rainfall and flash floods.
Among these are the ancient, man-made Silbury Hill, a 10-story earthen mound near Avebury, and the equally puzzling prehistoric stone towers (or "brochs") in Glenelg, Scotland, whose purpose has yet to be fathomed.
My assumption is that the nearby monument of Silbury Hill would have been used as a harbour, once the waters had eventually receded from the main site of Avebury.
He concluded his Axis article with two views of Silbury Hill, part of the prehistoric Avebury complex in Wiltshire: the first, a 1723 engraving by William Stukeley, is all contours and height; the second a 'flat and subtle' photograph from the air.
Enw Atkinson sydd yn cael ei gysylltu a'r gwaith cloddio a ffilmiwyd ar gyfer y BBC yn Silbury Hill.
Next week both sessions look at the subject of the amazing man-built structures of Silbury Hill and the Marlborough Mound.
More recently ones appeared at Hungerford, Hants, in August 2002, near Inkpen, Wilts, in 2011 and at Silbury Hill, near Avebury, Wilts, in June.
Can you imagine somebody getting permission to build a McDonald's inside Stonehenge, a Burger King inside the Avebury Circle, or perch a TV transmitter atop Silbury Hill or Glastonbury Tor?
This account combines a history of the research, a history of the construction and use by the builders, and a history of the role of Silbury Hill in society.
And with a local guide who drives (I wasn't going to mention this bit of bamboozling, but what the hell, I sat on a lot of hard seats), the pleasures of Silbury Hill, Avebury and West Kennet Long Barrow are worth the journey.
The frustrations came from use of real placenames and nations in what is otherwise a fantasy tale--disconcerting that the capital is Memphis, a battle takes place near Silbury Hill, and York gets a mention.