Silene


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Related to Silene: Silene latifolia

Silene

 

a genus of plants of the family Caryophyllaceae. The plants are annual or perennial herbs and, less frequently, sub-shrubs. The flowers are solitary or in dichasia, which are gathered in larger panicled or spicate inflorescences. The calyx is gamophyllous. The white, greenish, pink, or purple corolla often has a crown. There are five petals; the ovary usually has three styles. The fruit is a capsule.

There are approximately 400 species, distributed in the northern and temperate regions of the northern hemisphere, predominantly in the Mediterranean region. About 180 species are found in the USSR. The genus includes a number of annual weeds, for example, 5. dichotoma. S. vulgaris, a perennial having a swollen calyx and a white corolla, commonly grows in meadows and thickets; sometimes it grows as a weed among crops. Several species are ornamentals, including the annuals S. coeli-rosa and S. pendula and their numerous varieties and the perennials S. acaulis and S. schafta, which form matty clumps in rocky places.

O. M. POLETIKO

References in periodicals archive ?
Silene, Hippobromus and Dianthus species, all of which are reported to have psychoactive properties (Sobiecki 2008; Hirst 2000).
White campion was classified as Lychnis alba until the 1960s, but because other members of the Lychnis genus split their seed capsules to form five teeth and white campion makes 10, it was moved into the toothier genus Silene.
At first the reconstituted plants, identified as the extant species Silene stenophylla, looked exactly like their modern relatives.
apophyte meadow Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke apophyte meadow Solanum dulcamara L.
1999) report on an example of the influence a skewed sex ratio can have on the progeny sex ratio in Silene.
Cultivated from fruit tissues that were recovered from frozen sediment in Siberia, Silene stenophylla is by far the oldest to be brought back from the dead.
Small Populations of Silene regia (Caryophyllaceae), a Rare
Neil Cammies STRAIGHT OFF THE VINE Another smasher from the Languedoc requires a bit more investment but the DOMAINE DU SILENE COTEAUX DU LANGUEDOC 2004 (RRP pounds 19.
A superlative catchfly (Silene) is Silene laciniata 'Jack Flash' and the name suits it so well, for the starburst blooms present themselves in a shocking, orangey-red, born on wand-like stems.
grandiflora (Grant 1971), alfalfa looper moths were collected at flowers of Oregon grape (Landolt & Smithhisler 2003), and the silver Y moth is an abundant visitor at flowers of Silene latifolia (Brantjes 1976).