silenus

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silenus

(sīlē`nəs), in Greek mythology, part bestial and part human creature of the forests and mountains. Part of DionysusDionysus
, in Greek religion and mythology, god of fertility and wine. Legends concerning him are profuse and contradictory. However, he was one of the most important gods of the Greeks and was associated with various religious cults. He was probably in origin a Thracian deity.
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' entourage, the sileni are usually represented as aged satyrs—drunken, jolly, bald, fat, bearded, and possessing horse ears. According to some myths they were prophets; but according to others they were so perpetually stupefied with drink that they were unable to distinguish truth from falsehood. In some legends only one such creature appears, Silenus, described as the oldest of the satyrs, the son of HermesHermes,
in Greek religion and mythology, son of Zeus and Maia. His functions were many, but he was primarily the messenger of the gods, particularly of Zeus, and conductor of souls to Hades.
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 or PanPan
, in Greek religion and mythology, pastoral god of fertility. He was worshiped principally in Arcadia, and one legend states that he was the son of Hermes, another Arcadian god. Pan was supposed to make flocks fertile; when he did not, his image was flogged to stimulate him.
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. He was the companion, adviser, or tutor of Dionysus.

Silenus

 

in Greek mythology, the tutor and companion of Dionysus; a merry, good-natured, continually drunken, bald old man with a wineskin. Silenus was depicted in ancient Greek and Roman works of art and in later works, including paintings by Rubens and Van Dyck.

Silenus

one of Bacchus’s retinue; fat, always inebriated. [Gk. Myth.: Hall, 283]

Silenus

knowledgeable tutor of Bacchus. [Rom. Myth.: Daniel, 213]