silhouette


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

silhouette

(sĭl'o͞oĕt`), outline image, especially a profile drawing solidly filled in or a cutout pasted against a lighter background. It was named for Étienne de Silhouette (1709–67), who was the finance minister to Louis XV; it is said that he was so noted for his stinginess that cheap articles, including portraits, were designated à la Silhouette. Drawings in silhouette became very popular in Europe during the last decades of the 18th cent. and replaced miniature paintings at French and German courts. In England and America profile portraitists proliferated in the 19th cent. and numerous magazine and book illustrators, e.g., Arthur Rackham, employed silhouettes, or, as they were called in England, shades. Their popularity was fostered by the interest in Lavater's science of physiognomy and by the strong interest in classical art, especially in Greek black-figure vase painting. Silhouette drawings decreased in popularity after the invention of the daguerreotype.

Bibliography

See A. V. Carrick, A History of American Silhouettes (1968); N. Laliberté and A. Mogelon, Silhouettes, Shadows and Cutouts (1968); S. McKechnie, British Silhouette Artists and Their Work: 1760–1860 (1978).

Silhouette

 

(from the French controller general of finances E. de Silhouette [1709–67], of whom a caricature was drawn in the form of a shadowy profile), in the broad sense, the characteristic outline of an object in either nature or art, similar to the object’s shadow. In the narrow sense, the silhouette is a technique in graphic art by which a flat monochrome representation of figures and objects is produced. Drawn with india ink or white pigment or cut out of paper and pasted onto a background, a silhouette forms a continuous bounded contour, that is, a dark or light area, on a contrasting background.

The art of silhouette has been known since ancient times in China (where it has long preserved its traditions), Japan, and other Asian countries. It has been popular in Europe since the 18th century. Profile portraits, domestic scenes, illustrations, and still lifes were the favorite genres, as seen in the silhouettes by P. O. Runge, A. von Menzel, and P. Konewka in Germany and by F. P. Tolstoi, E. M. Bem, and G. I. Narbut in Russia. In more recent times, the method has been employed by E. S. Kru-glikova, N. V. Il’in, and other artists.

REFERENCE

Kuznetsova, E. Iskusstvo silueta. [Leningrad, 1970.]

silhouette

an outline drawing filled in with black, often a profile portrait cut out of black paper and mounted on a light ground
References in periodicals archive ?
Head of marketing at Silhouette, Karen Parsons, told OT: "100% Optical has become a very important event for Silhouette as it provides us with a fantastic opportunity to meet with our customers and showcase the latest and best collections from Silhouette, Neubau and Adidas Sport eyewear.
The latest life size models are the final artistic installation on this stretch of promenade which included the wall silhouettes.
The trio, along with the Depend brand, will encourage consumers to experience the difference of Silhouette Active Fit briefs and show their support for those experiencing bladder leakage by sharing photos and videos on social media using #Underwareness.
Women with bladder leakage will be thrilled to learn about Depend Silhouette Active Fit briefs because the product is smooth under clothes--whether that's a pair of yoga pants at the gym, a pencil skirt for work or a dress for date night.
Technically, a silhouette is a view of an object consisting of just the outline of it with a featureless interior.
Having good spacing between each silhouette means there's plenty of room for geese in the air to see decoys transition from broad side to thin side.
Even classic, timeless wardrobe staple silhouettes, such as a T-shirt, trench coat, basic blouse, pencil skirt and blazer, change over time.
Patrick Schupak, Silhouette Lift CEO & co-founder, added that Sinclair, via its financial and logistic support, would help his firm bring its innovative products to their next development stage.
Silhouette profiles became popular in colonial America in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
It is something we've seen help turn Silhouette gigs into huge singalong dancefests.
I've been match director for numerous state and regional BPCR silhouette championships so organizing a new one didn't seem daunting.
Set on individual shelves, 10 black forms, each titled Silhouette followed by a four-digit number (chosen, it is to be believed, according to the dimensions of each piece), fully assume their status of works of art.