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one of the three early states—Silla, Koguryo, and Paekche—that arose as the primitive communal order on the Korean Peninsula disintegrated; Silla was located in the southeastern part of the peninsula.

Although chronicles traditionally date the rise of Silla to 57 B.C., the tribes in the southeastern part of the Korean Peninsula, led by the Saro (or Silla) tribe, were brought together only in the course of the first few centuries of the common era. A state was not really formed until the sixth century, when, over a considerable area, the geographical division of the population was consolidated, organs of state administration were created, and Buddhism became the state religion. Thenceforth, the three states fought an increasingly bitter struggle for domination of the peninsula, while the Chinese dynasties actively intervened in the struggle. Silla, in alliance with the Chinese T’ang dynasty, defeated Paekche in 660 and Koguryo in 668; however, the T’ang dynasty’s subsequent attempts to entrench itself in the Korean Peninsula provoked a national liberation struggle, during which Silla united all Korea south of the Taedong-gang (river).

The rise of a united state of Silla in the late seventh century was an important stage in the formation of the Korean nationality and in the development of feudal relations. Irrigated crop cultivation and crafts made significant strides in Silla. In the ninth century, as large-scale landowning grew and separatism among feudal lords increased, the state of Silla broke up into numerous appanages.


References in periodicals archive ?
Siller was a New York firefighter who died trying to save others on September 11, 2001.
8220;We'll have an array of props, set dressing and wardrobe items immediately available to production teams for integration in their properties,” said Siller.
City five years ago, Carlos Siller, a civil engineer who specializes in concrete; was lured to Canada by a work contract with De Beers.
Building Homes for Heroes, a charity organization that constructs handicapped-accessible homes for some of Iraq and Afghanistan's most severely wounded veterans, in partnership with the Stephen Siller Tunnel to Towers Foundation, will be unveiling the just-completed 498 Holton Avenue property at a ceremony today.
Natural is a modern interpretation that plays with several motifs of flora and fauna of the mountain world," says Regina Siller, design and creative head at Baumann.
Siller (1985) studied development of the weevil in the laboratory on Agave atrovirens and found that on this food plant the incubation period of the eggs was 8 d, the average duration of the larval stage was 58 d and the average pupal period was 13 d, and the total period from oviposition to adult emergence was 81 d.
The credit agreement will be signed by Bulgaria's Finance Minister Simeon Djankov, Deputy Regional Development Minister Lilyana Pavlova and the first VP of KfW for Europe Roland Siller.
That proved costly when Stephen Siller singled to left.
Pictured are, from left, Anthony Santino, Councilman, Town of Hempstead; Leo Ortiz, Department Commander; Sidney Siller, Sr.
Mary Ann Siller recently received the Holbrook-Humphries Award at the Getting in Touch with Literacy Conference, which took place November 12-15 in Costa Mesa, California.
The run recreates the last moments of New York fireman Stephen Siller.
Mr Siller is an investment manager within the Barings Emerging European