Silva, Antonio José da
Silva, Antonio José da(əntô`nyo͝o zho͝ozĕ` dä sēl`və), 1705–39, Portuguese playwright, b. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He belonged to a family of "New Christians" (Jews forced to convert), suspected of remaining secretly loyal to Judaism. Silva practiced law in Portugal and wrote a number of vigorous, satiric plays. They are related to the commedia dell'arte but have more vitality than polish. Among them are A vida do grande Dom Quixote [the life of Don Quixote] (1733) and Guerras do alecrim e da mangerona [wars between the rosemary and the marjoram] (1737), considered Silva's best work. Brought before the Inquisition in 1737, he and his family were convicted of practicing Jewish rites, strangled, and burned at the stake.
Silva, António José da
Born May 8, 1705, in Rio de Janeiro; died Oct. 19, 1739, in Lisbon. Portuguese playwright.
Accused of secretly professing Judaism, Silva was burned at the stake during the Inquisition. He wrote such low comedies as The Life of Don Quixote of La Mancha (staged 1733). His plays Life of Aesop (staged 1734), Amphitryon (staged 1736), Labyrinth of Crete (1736), and The Wars of the Rosemary and the Marjoram (1737), while using plots from mythology, criticized the mores of Portuguese society.
WORKSObras completas, vols. 1–4. Lisbon, 1957–58.
In Russian translation:
[”Fragmenty iz p’es.”] In Ispanskie i porlugal’skie poety, zhertvy inkvizitsii. [Compiled by V. Parnakh.] Leningrad-Moscow, 1934.
REFERENCESBraga, T. O poeta Judeu e a inquisitcão. Lisbon, 1910.
Jucá(Filho), C. António José, oJudeu. Rio de Janeiro, 1940.