Silybum


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Silybum

 

(milk thistle), a genus of plants of the family Compositae. The plants are biennial or perennial herbs reaching 1.5 m in height. The leaves are alternate, large, white-spotted, pinnately lobed, and spinose-toothed. The flowers, which are tubular, bisexual, and usually purple, are large (3–6 cm across) and in solitary heads. The fruit is a compressed achene with a pappus of rough, white bristles. There are two species, distributed in Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Southwest and Middle Asia, and North Africa. The USSR has one species, the blessed thistle (S. marianum), which grows along roads and fields, on fallow land, in gardens, and near dwellings. The plant is sometimes raised as an ornamental. The fruits contain an edible oil.

References in periodicals archive ?
Each 140 mg coated tablet of silymarin supplement contained the dried extracts of Silybum marianum (extracted with acetone and water) equivalent to 140 mg silymarin (Livergol[R]) (Goldaru Herbal Products Pharmaceutical Company, Isfahan, Iran).
Compared to Peumus boldus, Cynara scolymus, Silybum marianum and Taraxacum officinale had only weak inhibitory effects.
Effects of the mixture of Swertia pseudochinensis Hara and Silybum marianum Gaertn extracts on CCl(4)-induced liver injury in rats with non alcoholic fatty liver disease.
Host plant(s): Chenopodum album (6, 7, 11); Conyzacanadensis (11); Galinosoga perviflora (11); Plantago major (13); Silybum marianum (6, 7, 11); Sonchus oleraceous (7, 11); Ricinus communis (11); Coriandrum sativum (11) and Tagetes minuta (11).
Thidiazuron enhanced regeneration and silymarin content in Silybum marianum L.
The chemopreventive effect of Ginkgo biloba and Silybum marianum extracts on hepatocarcinogenesis in rats.
Another extract with high antioxidant activity is silymarin, a standardized mixture of flavonolignans (Figure 1(p)) extracted from the Silybum marianum fruits and seeds [78].
The literature has registered similar trends in growth inhibition of seedlings of the species Silybum marianum (KHATAMIPOUR et al.
The therapeutic effect of silybum marianum on the lead acetate induced reproductive toxicity in both gender laboratory rats.
Etnias locales emplean el follaje de otras asteraceas, como especies de Achillea, Acmella, Adenocaulon, Arctium, Artemisia, Aster, Atractylis, Echinops, Eclipta, Elephantopus, Galinsoga, Guizotia, Heteropappus, Kalimeris, Limbarda, Pacourina, Silybum y Senecio.
Corrective Prevention: Stimulate age intervention deep in the skin with encapsulated dipeptide Carnosine and antioxidants Silybum Marianum (milk thistle) fruit extract, and Tocopherol (Vitamin E) delivered effectively via a liposomal complex.