Silybum


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Silybum

 

(milk thistle), a genus of plants of the family Compositae. The plants are biennial or perennial herbs reaching 1.5 m in height. The leaves are alternate, large, white-spotted, pinnately lobed, and spinose-toothed. The flowers, which are tubular, bisexual, and usually purple, are large (3–6 cm across) and in solitary heads. The fruit is a compressed achene with a pappus of rough, white bristles. There are two species, distributed in Europe, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, Southwest and Middle Asia, and North Africa. The USSR has one species, the blessed thistle (S. marianum), which grows along roads and fields, on fallow land, in gardens, and near dwellings. The plant is sometimes raised as an ornamental. The fruits contain an edible oil.

References in periodicals archive ?
It was stated in some research that plants similar to those examined in this study such as Silybum marianum contain flavonoids and exert a positive influence on improvement of several diseases including hyperlipidemia [27].
Silybum marianum has been used as a medicine since the fourth century BCE.
The efficacy of Silybum marianum (1) Gaertn (silymarin) in the treatment of type II diabetes: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial," Phytotherapy Research, October 2006.
A review of Silybum marianum (milk thistle) as a treatment for alcoholic liver disease.
Our Lady's thistle, silybum marianum, also called milk thistle, is said to be a cure for stitch in the side, or the aching pain in the side of the abdomen caused by exercise or laughing.
The company's Central Research Laboratory made presentations under the title "Anti-aging effect of silybin, a flavonoid isolated from Silybum marianum".
Silymarin, one of the active constituents of Silybum marianum, is a polyphenolic flavonolignan with demonstrated protective effects against stress, oxidative and inflammatory biomarkers in animal models, but these effects had not been investigated in clinical trials in the diabetic population.
Of the 44 articles found in PubMed, Scopas, and Google Scholar, a few of the relative topics include Silybum marianum L.
Silybum marianum or milk thistle (MT) is the most well-researched plant in the treatment of liver disease.
The formula contained Andrographis paniculata, Scutellaria baicalensis, Silybum marianum, Tabebuia impetiginosa, Filipendula ulmaria, Rhodiola rosea, Withania somnifera, Eleuthrococcus senticosis, Arctium lappa and Curcuma longa.
Immunostimulatory effect of Silybum marianum (Milk Thistle) extract.
Agents discussed include Andrographis pan iculata (kalmegh) leaf, Silybum marianum (milk thistle) seed, silymann, silibinin, Liv.