Simon

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Simon,

in the Bible. 1 One of the MaccabeesMaccabees
or Machabees
, Jewish family of the 2d and 1st cent. B.C. that brought about a restoration of Jewish political and religious life. They are also called Hasmoneans or Asmoneans after their ancestor, Hashmon.
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. 2 or Simon Peter: see Peter, SaintPeter, Saint,
d. A.D. 64?, most prominent of the Twelve Apostles, listed first in the Gospels, and traditionally the first bishop of Rome. His original name was Simon, but Jesus gave him the nickname Cephas [Aramaic, = rock], which was translated into Greek as Petros [Gr.
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. 3 See Simon, SaintSimon, Saint
, in the New Testament, one of the Twelve Apostles. In the Gospels he is called the Canaanite or Cananaean or Zelotes, synonymous terms referring probably to association with the sect of Zealots. Feast (with St. Jude): Oct. 28.
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. 4 Kinsman of Jesus. 5 Leper of Bethany in whose house a woman anointed Jesus' feet. He may have been the father of Lazarus. 6 Pharisee in whose house Jesus was entertained. 7 Father of Judas Iscariot. 8 See Simon of CyreneSimon of Cyrene
, in the New Testament, bystander made to carry Jesus' cross. He was probably an African Jew, and is identified as the father of Alexander and Rufus.
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. 9 Tanner of Joppa with whom Peter stayed. 10 See Simon MagusSimon Magus
, Samaritan sorcerer who attempted to buy spiritual power from the apostles. From this comes the term simony. He is mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles. He was said to have founded a Gnostic sect.
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Simon

1. New Testament
a. a relative of Jesus, who may have been identical with Simon Zelotes (Matthew 13:55)
b. a Christian of Joppa with whom Peter stayed (Acts of the Apostles 9:43)
2. John (Allsebrook), 1st Viscount Simon. 1873--1954, British statesman and lawyer. He was Liberal home secretary (1915--16) and, as a leader of the National Liberals, foreign secretary (1931--35), home secretary (1935--37), Chancellor of the Exchequer (1937--40), Lord Chancellor (1940--45)
3. (Marvin) Neil. born 1927, US dramatist and librettist, whose plays include Barefoot in the Park (1963), California Suite (1976), Biloxi Blues (1985), Lost in Yonkers (1990), and London Suite (1995): many have been made into films
4. Paul. born 1942, US pop singer and songwriter. His albums include: with Art Garfunkel (born 1941), The Sounds of Silence (1966), and Bridge over Troubled Water (1970); and, solo, Graceland (1986), The Rhythm of the Saints (1990), and You're The One (2000)