Simon Flexner


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Flexner, Simon,

1863–1946, American pathologist, b. Louisville, Ky., M.D. Univ. of Louisville, 1889; brother of Abraham FlexnerFlexner, Abraham,
1866–1959, American educator, b. Louisville, Ky., grad. Johns Hopkins, 1886. After 19 years as a secondary school teacher and principal, he took graduate work at Harvard and at the Univ. of Berlin.
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. He served with the Rockefeller Institute (now Rockfeller Univ.) from 1903 to 1935 (as its first director, 1920–35) and was Eastman professor at Oxford from 1937 to 1938. He worked on experimental epidemiology and venoms and is known especially for his serum treatment of cerebrospinal meningitis and for his studies of poliomyelitis. He also isolated a bacillus of dysentery.

Flexner, Simon

(1863–1946) microbiologist, medical administrator; born in Louisville, Ky. (brother of Abraham Flexner). After researching and teaching as a pathologist at Johns Hopkins (1890–99), he went to the University of Pennsylvania (1899–1903); during this period he took time away to isolate a strain of the dysentery bacillus in the Philippines (1899) and to investigate the bubonic plague in San Francisco (1901). He joined the newly created Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in 1901 to direct the research laboratories but soon became the institute's de facto administrator; he served as its official director from 1924–35. He was the editor of the Journal of Experimental Medicine (1904–23), and during World War I he was commissioned in the Army Medical Corps and charged with inspecting its medical laboratories in Europe. He made several other important contributions to his field, including developing a serum for cerebrospinal meningitis (1907) and laying the groundwork for the development of polio vaccines. He wrote The Evolution and Organization of the University Clinic (1939).
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As Simon Flexner of the Rockefeller Institute explained to Herbert Hoover, "By exercising precautions of incinerating all materials in contact with the experimental animals and the precise control of personnel--clothing, shoes, etc.
Wallace to Hoover, 7 May 1924, Hoover to Simon Flexner, 10 May 1924, Flexner to Hoover, 21 May 1924, all in folder "Hoof and Mouth Disease, 1924 April 16-25.
One can really then put this decision, in a sense, in the lap of Simon Flexner.
Gates, but also William Harper, Simon Flexner, Wallace Buttrick, and son John D.
Though sensitive to the significance of the patient's voice in this story, she fails to capture it in a disappointing chapter devoted to recounting letters from the lay public written to the most prominent medical figures associated with the New York polio epidemic of 1916, including Simon Flexner of the Rockefeller Institute and Haven Emerson, Health Commissioner of New York City.
Simon Flexner, laboratory director of the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, was in the forefront of those involved in the attempt to unravel the mystery.
He put his proposals to Simon Flexner, the Director of the Rockefeller Institute.