Simon Wiesenthal


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Simon Wiesenthal
Birthday
BirthplaceBuczacz, Kingdom of Galicia, Austria-Hungary
Died
NationalityAustrian
Occupation
Nazi hunter
Known for Simon Wiesenthal Center Jewish Documentation Center

Wiesenthal, Simon

(vē`sĕntäl), 1908–2005, Austrian-Jewish Nazi hunter, b. Butschatsch, Galicia, Austria-Hungary (now Buchach, Ukraine). He received (1932) an architectural engineering degree in Prague and practiced in Lvov, Poland (now Lviv, Ukraine). After the Germans invaded (1941) he was sent to a forced labor camp and, recaptured after an escape, to five concentration camps. By the time he was liberated by U.S. troops in 1945, 89 of his relatives had been slaughtered. After recovering his health, Wiesenthal began collecting evidence of Nazi atrocities for the U.S. army. Devoting his life to identifying Nazis and bringing them to justice, he established and headed (1947–54) a center for this purpose in Linz, Austria, and in 1961 opened the Jewish Documentation Center in Vienna. He and his staff were responsible for locating some 1,100 war criminals, many of whom were tried and convicted. His books include KZ Mathausen (1947), The Murderers among Us (1967), and Max and Helen (1982).

Bibliography

See his memoir Justice Not Vengeance (1990); biographies by H. Pick (1996) and T. Segev (2010).

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But who was Simon Wiesenthal, the man we had the privilege of working closely with since July 1977, when the Simon Wiesenthal Center in Los Angeles was founded?
The centre, named after the late Nazi hunter and concentration camp survivor Simon Wiesenthal, said it had received 150 telephone calls as well as emails and faxes with tips on suspects who have evaded prosecution.
Simon Wiesenthal delivered both, and we owe it to his memory to carry on that work.
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Simon Wiesenthal, the Holocaust survivor who helped track down numerous Nazi war criminals following the Second World War, died today.