Simple Labor

Simple Labor

 

the labor of a worker who does not have training qualifications; in other words, unskilled labor. All complex (skilled) labor can be reduced to simple labor because, to K. Marx, “Skilled labor counts only as simple labor intensified, or rather, as multiplied simple labor, a given quantity of skilled labor being considered equal to a greater quantity of simple labor” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 23, p. 53). The reduction of complex labor to simple labor makes it possible to determine the value of goods. Since a work hour of complex labor includes several hours of simple labor, a skilled labor force creates more value per unit of time than does a labor force without qualifications.

Under capitalism, complex labor is reduced to simple labor spontaneously during the process of exchange through the leveling of the values of goods created by these types of labor. In socialist society, expenditures of complex and simple labor are made commensurate on a planned basis. In the process of commodity production, complex labor is reduced to simple labor on the basis of the law of value.

V. V. MOTYLEV

References in periodicals archive ?
Of course, the day-to-day of dance is often simple labor.
What is occurring at British Airways is not a simple labor dispute.
The authors provide a simple labor supply model in which heterogeneity in family preferences can account for cross-country variations in the level and the dynamics of employment rates of demographic groups.
At that time, the idea was one of simple labor arbitrage and the only option that existed was to set up a wholly owned, captive call center.
Most of them have put together a small business based on simple labor and have little to no knowledge of real gardening.
Kuniko Ozama, an official of the All United Workers Union to which Jarill belongs, said, ''The trainee system is used as a cover for employing trainees to do simple labor at low wages.
Fox recognizes the border, realistically, can't be totally open while hundreds of thousands of Mexicans push to move northward, illegally if need be, to get wages closer to $60 a day than the $5 a day simple labor brings in Mexico.
The overall attractiveness of the location is more than simple labor cost arbitrage and should be carefully evaluated before selecting a location," says Trowbridge.