Also found in: Wikipedia.
(Most Guileless), a German illustrated weekly journal, founded in 1896.
Simplicissimus’ approach was keenly satirical; the journal denounced imperial Germany and its aggressive foreign policy. Simplicissimus printed lampoons by F. Wedekind and works by H. Mann, K. Tucholsky, H. Hesse, A. Zweig, and A. Schnitzler. Another effective weapon utilized by the journal was its political caricatures, which were later frequently reprinted in Die Rote Fahne, the organ of the Communist Party of Germany.
Early in World War I (1914-18) Simplicissimus took a defensive position and advocated peace among classes. In 1942 the journal was closed down for printing a caricature of Hitler. An attempt to revive Simplicissimus in the Federal Republic of Germany did not succeed.
REFERENCESIstoriia nemetskoi literatury, vol. 4. Moscow, 1968. Pages 307, 312, 313, 447,460.
Jegorov, O. “Die satirische Zeitschrift ‘Simplicissimus’: 1896-1914.” Junge Kunst, Berlin, 1960, no. 11.