Sinai Peninsula

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Sinai Peninsula

 

a peninsula in western Asia, situated between the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba of the Red Sea; part of Egypt. Area, 25,000 sq km.

Mountains, composed of granites, gneisses, and schists, dominate the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula; at 2,637 m, Mount Katrinah is the highest point in Egypt. To the north the land descends to elevations of 500-1,000 m; the highly dissected rocky plateau al-’Ajmah Jabal and part of the al-Tih plateau cover most of the peninsula. A narrow, sandy lowland stretches along the Gulf of Suez.

The Sinai Peninsula has deposits of oil at Sudr, Abu-Rudays, and al-Tur and deposits of manganese ore at Umm Bugma. The climate, at the point of transition from subtropical to tropical, is hot and dry. Annual precipitation is less than 50 mm. The Sinai Peninsula has no permanent rivers, only a dense network of wadis. It has sparse desert vegetation—subshrubs and ephemeral grasses. Thornbush and isolated trees grow along the dry riverbeds. Nomadic herdsmen raise sheep, goats, and camels. Date palms, barley, millet, and maize are cultivated in the oases.

Among the best-known works of art and architecture in the Sinai Peninsula is the Monastery of St. Catherine, founded in the fourth century. The monastery has a rich collection of medieval manuscripts and Byzantine art. Its icon painters, using the wax-painting technique, created some of the oldest Christian icons (sixth century); the vivid images of the icons are reminiscent of the Fayyum portraits.

REFERENCES

Pamiatniki Sinaia arkheologicheskie i paleograficheskie, fase. 1-2. St. Petersburg-Leningrad, 1912-25.
Soteriu, G. kai M. Eikones tes mones Sina, vols. 1-2. Athens, 1956-58. (In Greek and French.) [23–1212–]
References in periodicals archive ?
SINAI DESERT THERE are few experiences as magical as watching the sun set whilst standing atop a mountain in the middle of the desert, then watching the stars come out, one after another, in the unpolluted night sky.
Cairo, July 23 (Petra) -- Egypt's Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources on Tuesday denied reports that the Sinai desert gas pipeline feeding Jordan's power plants was bombed early today.
The man's wife, Iman, said she was traveling with her husband when he received a phone call from someone asking him to meet in Egypt's Sinai desert.
document the trafficking of refugees from the Sinai desert, who fled from Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Sudan beginning in 2009.
Washington, Feb 27 ( ANI ): The weapons that helped Libyan rebels oust dictator Muammar Gaddafi have been put up for sale at auctions in Egypt's lawless Sinai Desert, where shadowy buyers purchase firearms for Al-Qaeda and Hamas operatives, it has emerged.
Israel accuses Sudan of serving as a hub for transiting Iranian weapons via the Egyptian Sinai desert to militant groups in Gaza strip including PIJ.
The terrorists hiding out in the Sinai desert, previously accosted by the Israel Defense Force (IDF) for crossing the Israeli border into Gaza in July, open fired at IDF forces on Friday, (http://www.
Mount El Hallal near the border is well known in the Sinai desert.
The army has now successfully attacked camps in the Sinai, killing 20 militants, as it started to re-establish control over the Sinai desert near the border with Israel and Gaza.
NNA - 06/08/2012 - Former Prime Minister Saad Hariri sent a cable to the Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi offering condolences for the victims of the attack against the Egyptian army at the Rafah crossing in the Sinai desert yesterday.
By Sami El-Shahed - The Egyptian Gazette Its southern region is mountainous and includes Mount Sinai, while its northern two-thirds is an arid plateau known as the Sinai Desert.